The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of vṛj

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛṇajmi vṛñjvaḥ vṛñjmaḥ
Secondvṛṇakṣi vṛṅkthaḥ vṛṅktha
Thirdvṛṇakti vṛṅktaḥ vṛñjanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛjye vṛjyāvahe vṛjyāmahe
Secondvṛjyase vṛjyethe vṛjyadhve
Thirdvṛjyate vṛjyete vṛjyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛṇajam avṛñjva avṛñjma
Secondavṛṇak avṛṅktam avṛṅkta
Thirdavṛṇak avṛṅktām avṛñjan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛjye avṛjyāvahi avṛjyāmahi
Secondavṛjyathāḥ avṛjyethām avṛjyadhvam
Thirdavṛjyata avṛjyetām avṛjyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛñjyām vṛñjyāva vṛñjyāma
Secondvṛñjyāḥ vṛñjyātam vṛñjyāta
Thirdvṛñjyāt vṛñjyātām vṛñjyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛjyeya vṛjyevahi vṛjyemahi
Secondvṛjyethāḥ vṛjyeyāthām vṛjyedhvam
Thirdvṛjyeta vṛjyeyātām vṛjyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛṇajāni vṛṇajāva vṛṇajāma
Secondvṛṅgdhi vṛṅktam vṛṅkta
Thirdvṛṇaktu vṛṅktām vṛñjantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛjyai vṛjyāvahai vṛjyāmahai
Secondvṛjyasva vṛjyethām vṛjyadhvam
Thirdvṛjyatām vṛjyetām vṛjyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarjiṣyāmi | varkṣyāmi varjiṣyāvaḥ | varkṣyāvaḥ varjiṣyāmaḥ | varkṣyāmaḥ
Secondvarjiṣyasi | varkṣyasi varjiṣyathaḥ | varkṣyathaḥ varjiṣyatha | varkṣyatha
Thirdvarjiṣyati | varkṣyati varjiṣyataḥ | varkṣyataḥ varjiṣyanti | varkṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarjitāsmi varjitāsvaḥ varjitāsmaḥ
Secondvarjitāsi varjitāsthaḥ varjitāstha
Thirdvarjitā varjitārau varjitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvavarja vavṛjiva vavṛjima
Secondvavarjitha vavṛjathuḥ vavṛja
Thirdvavarja vavṛjatuḥ vavṛjuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛkṣam avṛkṣāva avṛkṣāma
Secondavṛkṣaḥ avṛkṣatam avṛkṣata
Thirdavṛkṣat avṛkṣatām avṛkṣan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛkṣi avṛkṣāvahi avṛkṣāmahi
Secondavṛkṣathāḥ avṛkṣāthām avṛkṣadhvam
Thirdavṛkṣata avṛkṣātām avṛkṣanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
vṛkta m. n. vṛktā f.

Past Active Participle
vṛktavat m. n. vṛktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
vṛñjat m. n. vṛñjatī f.

Present Passive Participle
vṛjyamāna m. n. vṛjyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
varkṣyat m. n. varkṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
varjiṣyat m. n. varjiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
varjitavya m. n. varjitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vṛjya m. n. vṛjyā f.

Future Passive Participle
varjanīya m. n. varjanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
vavṛjvaḥ m. n. vavṛjuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
varjitum

Absolutive
vṛktvā

Absolutive
-vṛjya

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