The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of vṛṣ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarṣāmi varṣāvaḥ varṣāmaḥ
Secondvarṣasi varṣathaḥ varṣatha
Thirdvarṣati varṣataḥ varṣanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛṣye vṛṣyāvahe vṛṣyāmahe
Secondvṛṣyase vṛṣyethe vṛṣyadhve
Thirdvṛṣyate vṛṣyete vṛṣyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavarṣam avarṣāva avarṣāma
Secondavarṣaḥ avarṣatam avarṣata
Thirdavarṣat avarṣatām avarṣan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛṣye avṛṣyāvahi avṛṣyāmahi
Secondavṛṣyathāḥ avṛṣyethām avṛṣyadhvam
Thirdavṛṣyata avṛṣyetām avṛṣyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarṣeyam varṣeva varṣema
Secondvarṣeḥ varṣetam varṣeta
Thirdvarṣet varṣetām varṣeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛṣyeya vṛṣyevahi vṛṣyemahi
Secondvṛṣyethāḥ vṛṣyeyāthām vṛṣyedhvam
Thirdvṛṣyeta vṛṣyeyātām vṛṣyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarṣāṇi varṣāva varṣāma
Secondvarṣa varṣatam varṣata
Thirdvarṣatu varṣatām varṣantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛṣyai vṛṣyāvahai vṛṣyāmahai
Secondvṛṣyasva vṛṣyethām vṛṣyadhvam
Thirdvṛṣyatām vṛṣyetām vṛṣyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarṣiṣyāmi varṣiṣyāvaḥ varṣiṣyāmaḥ
Secondvarṣiṣyasi varṣiṣyathaḥ varṣiṣyatha
Thirdvarṣiṣyati varṣiṣyataḥ varṣiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarṣitāsmi varṣitāsvaḥ varṣitāsmaḥ
Secondvarṣitāsi varṣitāsthaḥ varṣitāstha
Thirdvarṣitā varṣitārau varṣitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvavarṣa vavṛṣiva vavṛṣima
Secondvavarṣitha vavṛṣathuḥ vavṛṣa
Thirdvavarṣa vavṛṣatuḥ vavṛṣuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
vṛṣṭa m. n. vṛṣṭā f.

Past Active Participle
vṛṣṭavat m. n. vṛṣṭavatī f.

Present Active Participle
varṣat m. n. varṣantī f.

Present Passive Participle
vṛṣyamāṇa m. n. vṛṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
varṣiṣyat m. n. varṣiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
varṣitavya m. n. varṣitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vṛṣya m. n. vṛṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
varṣaṇīya m. n. varṣaṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
varṣya m. n. varṣyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
vavṛṣvaḥ m. n. vavṛṣuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
varṣitum

Absolutive
vṛṣṭvā

Absolutive
varṣitvā

Absolutive
-vṛṣya

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