The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kup

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupyāmi kupyāvaḥ kupyāmaḥ
Secondkupyasi kupyathaḥ kupyatha
Thirdkupyati kupyataḥ kupyanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupye kupyāvahe kupyāmahe
Secondkupyase kupyethe kupyadhve
Thirdkupyate kupyete kupyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakupyam akupyāva akupyāma
Secondakupyaḥ akupyatam akupyata
Thirdakupyat akupyatām akupyan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakupye akupyāvahi akupyāmahi
Secondakupyathāḥ akupyethām akupyadhvam
Thirdakupyata akupyetām akupyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupyeyam kupyeva kupyema
Secondkupyeḥ kupyetam kupyeta
Thirdkupyet kupyetām kupyeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupyeya kupyevahi kupyemahi
Secondkupyethāḥ kupyeyāthām kupyedhvam
Thirdkupyeta kupyeyātām kupyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupyāni kupyāva kupyāma
Secondkupya kupyatam kupyata
Thirdkupyatu kupyatām kupyantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkupyai kupyāvahai kupyāmahai
Secondkupyasva kupyethām kupyadhvam
Thirdkupyatām kupyetām kupyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkopiṣyāmi kopiṣyāvaḥ kopiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkopiṣyasi kopiṣyathaḥ kopiṣyatha
Thirdkopiṣyati kopiṣyataḥ kopiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkopitāsmi kopitāsvaḥ kopitāsmaḥ
Secondkopitāsi kopitāsthaḥ kopitāstha
Thirdkopitā kopitārau kopitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcukopa cukupiva cukupima
Secondcukopitha cukupathuḥ cukupa
Thirdcukopa cukupatuḥ cukupuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kupita m. n. kupitā f.

Past Active Participle
kupitavat m. n. kupitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kupyat m. n. kupyantī f.

Present Passive Participle
kupyamāna m. n. kupyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kopiṣyat m. n. kopiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
kopitavya m. n. kopitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kopya m. n. kopyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kopanīya m. n. kopanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kupya m. n. kupyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cukupvaḥ m. n. cukupuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kopitum

Absolutive
kopitvā

Absolutive
kupitvā

Absolutive
-kupya

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