The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kuṭ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭāmi kuṭāvaḥ kuṭāmaḥ
Secondkuṭasi kuṭathaḥ kuṭatha
Thirdkuṭati kuṭataḥ kuṭanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭye kuṭyāvahe kuṭyāmahe
Secondkuṭyase kuṭyethe kuṭyadhve
Thirdkuṭyate kuṭyete kuṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṭam akuṭāva akuṭāma
Secondakuṭaḥ akuṭatam akuṭata
Thirdakuṭat akuṭatām akuṭan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṭye akuṭyāvahi akuṭyāmahi
Secondakuṭyathāḥ akuṭyethām akuṭyadhvam
Thirdakuṭyata akuṭyetām akuṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭeyam kuṭeva kuṭema
Secondkuṭeḥ kuṭetam kuṭeta
Thirdkuṭet kuṭetām kuṭeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭyeya kuṭyevahi kuṭyemahi
Secondkuṭyethāḥ kuṭyeyāthām kuṭyedhvam
Thirdkuṭyeta kuṭyeyātām kuṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭāni kuṭāva kuṭāma
Secondkuṭa kuṭatam kuṭata
Thirdkuṭatu kuṭatām kuṭantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṭyai kuṭyāvahai kuṭyāmahai
Secondkuṭyasva kuṭyethām kuṭyadhvam
Thirdkuṭyatām kuṭyetām kuṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭiṣyāmi koṭiṣyāvaḥ koṭiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkoṭiṣyasi koṭiṣyathaḥ koṭiṣyatha
Thirdkoṭiṣyati koṭiṣyataḥ koṭiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭitāsmi koṭitāsvaḥ koṭitāsmaḥ
Secondkoṭitāsi koṭitāsthaḥ koṭitāstha
Thirdkoṭitā koṭitārau koṭitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcukoṭa cukuṭiva cukuṭima
Secondcukoṭitha cukuṭathuḥ cukuṭa
Thirdcukoṭa cukuṭatuḥ cukuṭuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kuṭṭa m. n. kuṭṭā f.

Past Active Participle
kuṭṭavat m. n. kuṭṭavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kuṭat m. n. kuṭantī f.

Present Passive Participle
kuṭyamāna m. n. kuṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
koṭiṣyat m. n. koṭiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
koṭitavya m. n. koṭitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
koṭya m. n. koṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
koṭanīya m. n. koṭanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cukuṭvaḥ m. n. cukuṭuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
koṭitum

Absolutive
kuṭṭvā

Absolutive
-kuṭya

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