The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kuṇṭh

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhāmi kuṇṭhāvaḥ kuṇṭhāmaḥ
Secondkuṇṭhasi kuṇṭhathaḥ kuṇṭhatha
Thirdkuṇṭhati kuṇṭhataḥ kuṇṭhanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhye kuṇṭhyāvahe kuṇṭhyāmahe
Secondkuṇṭhyase kuṇṭhyethe kuṇṭhyadhve
Thirdkuṇṭhyate kuṇṭhyete kuṇṭhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṇṭham akuṇṭhāva akuṇṭhāma
Secondakuṇṭhaḥ akuṇṭhatam akuṇṭhata
Thirdakuṇṭhat akuṇṭhatām akuṇṭhan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṇṭhye akuṇṭhyāvahi akuṇṭhyāmahi
Secondakuṇṭhyathāḥ akuṇṭhyethām akuṇṭhyadhvam
Thirdakuṇṭhyata akuṇṭhyetām akuṇṭhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭheyam kuṇṭheva kuṇṭhema
Secondkuṇṭheḥ kuṇṭhetam kuṇṭheta
Thirdkuṇṭhet kuṇṭhetām kuṇṭheyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhyeya kuṇṭhyevahi kuṇṭhyemahi
Secondkuṇṭhyethāḥ kuṇṭhyeyāthām kuṇṭhyedhvam
Thirdkuṇṭhyeta kuṇṭhyeyātām kuṇṭhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhāni kuṇṭhāva kuṇṭhāma
Secondkuṇṭha kuṇṭhatam kuṇṭhata
Thirdkuṇṭhatu kuṇṭhatām kuṇṭhantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhyai kuṇṭhyāvahai kuṇṭhyāmahai
Secondkuṇṭhyasva kuṇṭhyethām kuṇṭhyadhvam
Thirdkuṇṭhyatām kuṇṭhyetām kuṇṭhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhiṣyāmi kuṇṭhiṣyāvaḥ kuṇṭhiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkuṇṭhiṣyasi kuṇṭhiṣyathaḥ kuṇṭhiṣyatha
Thirdkuṇṭhiṣyati kuṇṭhiṣyataḥ kuṇṭhiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇṭhitāsmi kuṇṭhitāsvaḥ kuṇṭhitāsmaḥ
Secondkuṇṭhitāsi kuṇṭhitāsthaḥ kuṇṭhitāstha
Thirdkuṇṭhitā kuṇṭhitārau kuṇṭhitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcukuṇṭha cukuṇṭhiva cukuṇṭhima
Secondcukuṇṭhitha cukuṇṭhathuḥ cukuṇṭha
Thirdcukuṇṭha cukuṇṭhatuḥ cukuṇṭhuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kuṇṭhita m. n. kuṇṭhitā f.

Past Active Participle
kuṇṭhitavat m. n. kuṇṭhitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kuṇṭhat m. n. kuṇṭhantī f.

Present Passive Participle
kuṇṭhyamāna m. n. kuṇṭhyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kuṇṭhiṣyat m. n. kuṇṭhiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇṭhitavya m. n. kuṇṭhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇṭhya m. n. kuṇṭhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇṭhanīya m. n. kuṇṭhanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cukuṇṭhvaḥ m. n. cukuṇṭhuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kuṇṭhitum

Absolutive
kuṇṭhitvā

Absolutive
-kuṇṭhya

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