The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kuṇḍ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍāmi kuṇḍāvaḥ kuṇḍāmaḥ
Secondkuṇḍasi kuṇḍathaḥ kuṇḍatha
Thirdkuṇḍati kuṇḍataḥ kuṇḍanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍe kuṇḍāvahe kuṇḍāmahe
Secondkuṇḍase kuṇḍethe kuṇḍadhve
Thirdkuṇḍate kuṇḍete kuṇḍante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍye kuṇḍyāvahe kuṇḍyāmahe
Secondkuṇḍyase kuṇḍyethe kuṇḍyadhve
Thirdkuṇḍyate kuṇḍyete kuṇḍyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṇḍam akuṇḍāva akuṇḍāma
Secondakuṇḍaḥ akuṇḍatam akuṇḍata
Thirdakuṇḍat akuṇḍatām akuṇḍan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṇḍe akuṇḍāvahi akuṇḍāmahi
Secondakuṇḍathāḥ akuṇḍethām akuṇḍadhvam
Thirdakuṇḍata akuṇḍetām akuṇḍanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakuṇḍye akuṇḍyāvahi akuṇḍyāmahi
Secondakuṇḍyathāḥ akuṇḍyethām akuṇḍyadhvam
Thirdakuṇḍyata akuṇḍyetām akuṇḍyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍeyam kuṇḍeva kuṇḍema
Secondkuṇḍeḥ kuṇḍetam kuṇḍeta
Thirdkuṇḍet kuṇḍetām kuṇḍeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍeya kuṇḍevahi kuṇḍemahi
Secondkuṇḍethāḥ kuṇḍeyāthām kuṇḍedhvam
Thirdkuṇḍeta kuṇḍeyātām kuṇḍeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍyeya kuṇḍyevahi kuṇḍyemahi
Secondkuṇḍyethāḥ kuṇḍyeyāthām kuṇḍyedhvam
Thirdkuṇḍyeta kuṇḍyeyātām kuṇḍyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍāni kuṇḍāva kuṇḍāma
Secondkuṇḍa kuṇḍatam kuṇḍata
Thirdkuṇḍatu kuṇḍatām kuṇḍantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍai kuṇḍāvahai kuṇḍāmahai
Secondkuṇḍasva kuṇḍethām kuṇḍadhvam
Thirdkuṇḍatām kuṇḍetām kuṇḍantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍyai kuṇḍyāvahai kuṇḍyāmahai
Secondkuṇḍyasva kuṇḍyethām kuṇḍyadhvam
Thirdkuṇḍyatām kuṇḍyetām kuṇḍyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍiṣyāmi kuṇḍiṣyāvaḥ kuṇḍiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkuṇḍiṣyasi kuṇḍiṣyathaḥ kuṇḍiṣyatha
Thirdkuṇḍiṣyati kuṇḍiṣyataḥ kuṇḍiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍiṣye kuṇḍiṣyāvahe kuṇḍiṣyāmahe
Secondkuṇḍiṣyase kuṇḍiṣyethe kuṇḍiṣyadhve
Thirdkuṇḍiṣyate kuṇḍiṣyete kuṇḍiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkuṇḍitāsmi kuṇḍitāsvaḥ kuṇḍitāsmaḥ
Secondkuṇḍitāsi kuṇḍitāsthaḥ kuṇḍitāstha
Thirdkuṇḍitā kuṇḍitārau kuṇḍitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcukuṇḍa cukuṇḍiva cukuṇḍima
Secondcukuṇḍitha cukuṇḍathuḥ cukuṇḍa
Thirdcukuṇḍa cukuṇḍatuḥ cukuṇḍuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcukuṇḍe cukuṇḍivahe cukuṇḍimahe
Secondcukuṇḍiṣe cukuṇḍāthe cukuṇḍidhve
Thirdcukuṇḍe cukuṇḍāte cukuṇḍire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kuṇḍita m. n. kuṇḍitā f.

Past Active Participle
kuṇḍitavat m. n. kuṇḍitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kuṇḍat m. n. kuṇḍantī f.

Present Middle Participle
kuṇḍamāna m. n. kuṇḍamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
kuṇḍyamāna m. n. kuṇḍyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kuṇḍiṣyat m. n. kuṇḍiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
kuṇḍiṣyamāṇa m. n. kuṇḍiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇḍitavya m. n. kuṇḍitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇḍya m. n. kuṇḍyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṇḍanīya m. n. kuṇḍanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cukuṇḍvaḥ m. n. cukuṇḍuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cukuṇḍāna m. n. cukuṇḍānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kuṇḍitum

Absolutive
kuṇḍitvā

Absolutive
-kuṇḍya

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