The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kīrt

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayāmi kīrtayāvaḥ kīrtayāmaḥ
Secondkīrtayasi kīrtayathaḥ kīrtayatha
Thirdkīrtayati kīrtayataḥ kīrtayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtaye kīrtayāvahe kīrtayāmahe
Secondkīrtayase kīrtayethe kīrtayadhve
Thirdkīrtayate kīrtayete kīrtayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtye kīrtyāvahe kīrtyāmahe
Secondkīrtyase kīrtyethe kīrtyadhve
Thirdkīrtyate kīrtyete kīrtyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakīrtayam akīrtayāva akīrtayāma
Secondakīrtayaḥ akīrtayatam akīrtayata
Thirdakīrtayat akīrtayatām akīrtayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakīrtaye akīrtayāvahi akīrtayāmahi
Secondakīrtayathāḥ akīrtayethām akīrtayadhvam
Thirdakīrtayata akīrtayetām akīrtayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakīrtye akīrtyāvahi akīrtyāmahi
Secondakīrtyathāḥ akīrtyethām akīrtyadhvam
Thirdakīrtyata akīrtyetām akīrtyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayeyam kīrtayeva kīrtayema
Secondkīrtayeḥ kīrtayetam kīrtayeta
Thirdkīrtayet kīrtayetām kīrtayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayeya kīrtayevahi kīrtayemahi
Secondkīrtayethāḥ kīrtayeyāthām kīrtayedhvam
Thirdkīrtayeta kīrtayeyātām kīrtayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtyeya kīrtyevahi kīrtyemahi
Secondkīrtyethāḥ kīrtyeyāthām kīrtyedhvam
Thirdkīrtyeta kīrtyeyātām kīrtyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayāni kīrtayāva kīrtayāma
Secondkīrtaya kīrtayatam kīrtayata
Thirdkīrtayatu kīrtayatām kīrtayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayai kīrtayāvahai kīrtayāmahai
Secondkīrtayasva kīrtayethām kīrtayadhvam
Thirdkīrtayatām kīrtayetām kīrtayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtyai kīrtyāvahai kīrtyāmahai
Secondkīrtyasva kīrtyethām kīrtyadhvam
Thirdkīrtyatām kīrtyetām kīrtyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayiṣyāmi kīrtayiṣyāvaḥ kīrtayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkīrtayiṣyasi kīrtayiṣyathaḥ kīrtayiṣyatha
Thirdkīrtayiṣyati kīrtayiṣyataḥ kīrtayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayiṣye kīrtayiṣyāvahe kīrtayiṣyāmahe
Secondkīrtayiṣyase kīrtayiṣyethe kīrtayiṣyadhve
Thirdkīrtayiṣyate kīrtayiṣyete kīrtayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkīrtayitāsmi kīrtayitāsvaḥ kīrtayitāsmaḥ
Secondkīrtayitāsi kīrtayitāsthaḥ kīrtayitāstha
Thirdkīrtayitā kīrtayitārau kīrtayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kīrtita m. n. kīrtitā f.

Past Active Participle
kīrtitavat m. n. kīrtitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kīrtayat m. n. kīrtayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
kīrtayamāna m. n. kīrtayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
kīrtyamāna m. n. kīrtyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kīrtayiṣyat m. n. kīrtayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
kīrtayiṣyamāṇa m. n. kīrtayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
kīrtayitavya m. n. kīrtayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kīrtya m. n. kīrtyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kīrtanīya m. n. kīrtanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kīrtayitum

Absolutive
kīrtayitvā

Absolutive
-kīrtya

Periphrastic Perfect
kīrtayām

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