The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of khan

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhanāmi khanāvaḥ khanāmaḥ
Secondkhanasi khanathaḥ khanatha
Thirdkhanati khanataḥ khananti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkhane khanāvahe khanāmahe
Secondkhanase khanethe khanadhve
Thirdkhanate khanete khanante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhāye | khanye khāyāvahe | khanyāvahe khāyāmahe | khanyāmahe
Secondkhāyase | khanyase khāyethe | khanyethe khāyadhve | khanyadhve
Thirdkhāyate | khanyate khāyete | khanyete khāyante | khanyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakhanam akhanāva akhanāma
Secondakhanaḥ akhanatam akhanata
Thirdakhanat akhanatām akhanan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakhane akhanāvahi akhanāmahi
Secondakhanathāḥ akhanethām akhanadhvam
Thirdakhanata akhanetām akhananta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakhāye | akhanye akhāyāvahi | akhanyāvahi akhāyāmahi | akhanyāmahi
Secondakhāyathāḥ | akhanyathāḥ akhāyethām | akhanyethām akhāyadhvam | akhanyadhvam
Thirdakhāyata | akhanyata akhāyetām | akhanyetām akhāyanta | akhanyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhaneyam khaneva khanema
Secondkhaneḥ khanetam khaneta
Thirdkhanet khanetām khaneyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkhaneya khanevahi khanemahi
Secondkhanethāḥ khaneyāthām khanedhvam
Thirdkhaneta khaneyātām khaneran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhāyeya | khanyeya khāyevahi | khanyevahi khāyemahi | khanyemahi
Secondkhāyethāḥ | khanyethāḥ khāyeyāthām | khanyeyāthām khāyedhvam | khanyedhvam
Thirdkhāyeta | khanyeta khāyeyātām | khanyeyātām khāyeran | khanyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhanāni khanāva khanāma
Secondkhana khanatam khanata
Thirdkhanatu khanatām khanantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkhanai khanāvahai khanāmahai
Secondkhanasva khanethām khanadhvam
Thirdkhanatām khanetām khanantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhāyai | khanyai khāyāvahai | khanyāvahai khāyāmahai | khanyāmahai
Secondkhāyasva | khanyasva khāyethām | khanyethām khāyadhvam | khanyadhvam
Thirdkhāyatām | khanyatām khāyetām | khanyetām khāyantām | khanyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhaniṣyāmi khaniṣyāvaḥ khaniṣyāmaḥ
Secondkhaniṣyasi khaniṣyathaḥ khaniṣyatha
Thirdkhaniṣyati khaniṣyataḥ khaniṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkhaniṣye khaniṣyāvahe khaniṣyāmahe
Secondkhaniṣyase khaniṣyethe khaniṣyadhve
Thirdkhaniṣyate khaniṣyete khaniṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkhanitāsmi khanitāsvaḥ khanitāsmaḥ
Secondkhanitāsi khanitāsthaḥ khanitāstha
Thirdkhanitā khanitārau khanitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakhāna | cakhana cakhniva cakhnima
Secondcakhanitha cakhnathuḥ cakhna
Thirdcakhāna cakhnatuḥ cakhnuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakhne cakhnivahe cakhnimahe
Secondcakhniṣe cakhnāthe cakhnidhve
Thirdcakhne cakhnāte cakhnire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakhāniṣam akhāniṣva akhāniṣma
Secondakhānīḥ akhāniṣṭam akhāniṣṭa
Thirdakhānīt akhāniṣṭām akhāniṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakhaniṣi akhaniṣvahi akhaniṣmahi
Secondakhaniṣṭhāḥ akhaniṣāthām akhanidhvam
Thirdakhaniṣṭa akhaniṣātām akhaniṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
khāta m. n. khātā f.

Past Active Participle
khātavat m. n. khātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
khanat m. n. khanantī f.

Present Middle Participle
khanamāna m. n. khanamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
khāyamāna m. n. khāyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
khanyamāna m. n. khanyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
khaniṣyat m. n. khaniṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
khaniṣyamāṇa m. n. khaniṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
khanitavya m. n. khanitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
khānya m. n. khānyā f.

Future Passive Participle
khananīya m. n. khananīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kheya m. n. kheyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cakhnivaḥ m. n. cakhnuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cakhnāna m. n. cakhnānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
khanitum

Absolutive
khānam

Absolutive
khātvā

Absolutive
khanitvā

Absolutive
-khāya

Absolutive
-khānam

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