The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kāś

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśe kāśāvahe kāśāmahe
Secondkāśase kāśethe kāśadhve
Thirdkāśate kāśete kāśante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśye kāśyāvahe kāśyāmahe
Secondkāśyase kāśyethe kāśyadhve
Thirdkāśyate kāśyete kāśyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakāśe akāśāvahi akāśāmahi
Secondakāśathāḥ akāśethām akāśadhvam
Thirdakāśata akāśetām akāśanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakāśye akāśyāvahi akāśyāmahi
Secondakāśyathāḥ akāśyethām akāśyadhvam
Thirdakāśyata akāśyetām akāśyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśeya kāśevahi kāśemahi
Secondkāśethāḥ kāśeyāthām kāśedhvam
Thirdkāśeta kāśeyātām kāśeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśyeya kāśyevahi kāśyemahi
Secondkāśyethāḥ kāśyeyāthām kāśyedhvam
Thirdkāśyeta kāśyeyātām kāśyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśai kāśāvahai kāśāmahai
Secondkāśasva kāśethām kāśadhvam
Thirdkāśatām kāśetām kāśantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśyai kāśyāvahai kāśyāmahai
Secondkāśyasva kāśyethām kāśyadhvam
Thirdkāśyatām kāśyetām kāśyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśiṣye kāśiṣyāvahe kāśiṣyāmahe
Secondkāśiṣyase kāśiṣyethe kāśiṣyadhve
Thirdkāśiṣyate kāśiṣyete kāśiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkāśitāsmi kāśitāsvaḥ kāśitāsmaḥ
Secondkāśitāsi kāśitāsthaḥ kāśitāstha
Thirdkāśitā kāśitārau kāśitāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakāśe cakāśivahe cakāśimahe
Secondcakāśiṣe cakāśāthe cakāśidhve
Thirdcakāśe cakāśāte cakāśire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kāśita m. n. kāśitā f.

Past Active Participle
kāśitavat m. n. kāśitavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
kāśamāna m. n. kāśamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
kāśyamāna m. n. kāśyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
kāśiṣyamāṇa m. n. kāśiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
kāśitavya m. n. kāśitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kāśya m. n. kāśyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kāśanīya m. n. kāśanīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cakāśāna m. n. cakāśānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kāśitum

Absolutive
kāśitvā

Absolutive
-kāśya

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