The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kṣam

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣame kṣamāvahe kṣamāmahe
Secondkṣamase kṣamethe kṣamadhve
Thirdkṣamate kṣamete kṣamante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamye kṣamyāvahe kṣamyāmahe
Secondkṣamyase kṣamyethe kṣamyadhve
Thirdkṣamyate kṣamyete kṣamyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakṣame akṣamāvahi akṣamāmahi
Secondakṣamathāḥ akṣamethām akṣamadhvam
Thirdakṣamata akṣametām akṣamanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakṣamye akṣamyāvahi akṣamyāmahi
Secondakṣamyathāḥ akṣamyethām akṣamyadhvam
Thirdakṣamyata akṣamyetām akṣamyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣameya kṣamevahi kṣamemahi
Secondkṣamethāḥ kṣameyāthām kṣamedhvam
Thirdkṣameta kṣameyātām kṣameran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamyeya kṣamyevahi kṣamyemahi
Secondkṣamyethāḥ kṣamyeyāthām kṣamyedhvam
Thirdkṣamyeta kṣamyeyātām kṣamyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamai kṣamāvahai kṣamāmahai
Secondkṣamasva kṣamethām kṣamadhvam
Thirdkṣamatām kṣametām kṣamantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamyai kṣamyāvahai kṣamyāmahai
Secondkṣamyasva kṣamyethām kṣamyadhvam
Thirdkṣamyatām kṣamyetām kṣamyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamiṣye | kṣaṃsye kṣamiṣyāvahe | kṣaṃsyāvahe kṣamiṣyāmahe | kṣaṃsyāmahe
Secondkṣamiṣyase | kṣaṃsyase kṣamiṣyethe | kṣaṃsyethe kṣamiṣyadhve | kṣaṃsyadhve
Thirdkṣamiṣyate | kṣaṃsyate kṣamiṣyete | kṣaṃsyete kṣamiṣyante | kṣaṃsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṣamitāsmi | kṣantāsmi kṣamitāsvaḥ | kṣantāsvaḥ kṣamitāsmaḥ | kṣantāsmaḥ
Secondkṣamitāsi | kṣantāsi kṣamitāsthaḥ | kṣantāsthaḥ kṣamitāstha | kṣantāstha
Thirdkṣamitā | kṣantā kṣamitārau | kṣantārau kṣamitāraḥ | kṣantāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣame cakṣamivahe cakṣamimahe
Secondcakṣamiṣe cakṣamāthe cakṣamidhve
Thirdcakṣame cakṣamāte cakṣamire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kṣamita m. n. kṣamitā f.

Past Active Participle
kṣamitavat m. n. kṣamitavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
kṣamamāṇa m. n. kṣamamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
kṣamyamāṇa m. n. kṣamyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
kṣamiṣyamāṇa m. n. kṣamiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
kṣaṃsyamāna m. n. kṣaṃsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
kṣantavya m. n. kṣantavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kṣamitavya m. n. kṣamitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kṣamya m. n. kṣamyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kṣamaṇīya m. n. kṣamaṇīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cakṣamāṇa m. n. cakṣamāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kṣamitum

Infinitive
kṣantum

Absolutive
kṣāntvā

Absolutive
kṣamitvā

Absolutive
-kṣāṇya

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