The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jñā_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjānāmi jānīvaḥ jānīmaḥ
Secondjānāsi jānīthaḥ jānītha
Thirdjānāti jānītaḥ jānanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāne jānīvahe jānīmahe
Secondjānīṣe jānāthe jānīdhve
Thirdjānīte jānāte jānate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjñāye jñāyāvahe jñāyāmahe
Secondjñāyase jñāyethe jñāyadhve
Thirdjñāyate jñāyete jñāyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajānām ajānīva ajānīma
Secondajānāḥ ajānītam ajānīta
Thirdajānāt ajānītām ajānan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajāni ajānīvahi ajānīmahi
Secondajānīthāḥ ajānāthām ajānīdhvam
Thirdajānīta ajānātām ajānata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajñāye ajñāyāvahi ajñāyāmahi
Secondajñāyathāḥ ajñāyethām ajñāyadhvam
Thirdajñāyata ajñāyetām ajñāyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjānīyām jānīyāva jānīyāma
Secondjānīyāḥ jānīyātam jānīyāta
Thirdjānīyāt jānīyātām jānīyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjānīya jānīvahi jānīmahi
Secondjānīthāḥ jānīyāthām jānīdhvam
Thirdjānīta jānīyātām jānīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjñāyeya jñāyevahi jñāyemahi
Secondjñāyethāḥ jñāyeyāthām jñāyedhvam
Thirdjñāyeta jñāyeyātām jñāyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjānāni jānāva jānāma
Secondjānīhi jānītam jānīta
Thirdjānātu jānītām jānantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjānai jānāvahai jānāmahai
Secondjānīṣva jānāthām jānīdhvam
Thirdjānītām jānātām jānatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjñāyai jñāyāvahai jñāyāmahai
Secondjñāyasva jñāyethām jñāyadhvam
Thirdjñāyatām jñāyetām jñāyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjñāsyāmi jñāsyāvaḥ jñāsyāmaḥ
Secondjñāsyasi jñāsyathaḥ jñāsyatha
Thirdjñāsyati jñāsyataḥ jñāsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjñāsye jñāsyāvahe jñāsyāmahe
Secondjñāsyase jñāsyethe jñāsyadhve
Thirdjñāsyate jñāsyete jñāsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjñātāsmi | jñaptāsmi jñātāsvaḥ | jñaptāsvaḥ jñātāsmaḥ | jñaptāsmaḥ
Secondjñātāsi | jñaptāsi jñātāsthaḥ | jñaptāsthaḥ jñātāstha | jñaptāstha
Thirdjñātā | jñaptā jñātārau | jñaptārau jñātāraḥ | jñaptāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajñau jajñiva jajñima
Secondjajñitha | jajñātha jajñathuḥ jajña
Thirdjajñau jajñatuḥ jajñuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajñe jajñivahe jajñimahe
Secondjajñiṣe jajñāthe jajñidhve
Thirdjajñe jajñāte jajñire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajñāsiṣam | ajñām ajñāsiṣva | ajñāva ajñāsiṣma | ajñāma
Secondajñāsīḥ | ajñāḥ ajñāsiṣṭam | ajñātam ajñāsiṣṭa | ajñāta
Thirdajñāsīt | ajñāt ajñāsiṣṭām | ajñātām ajñuḥ | ajñāsiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajñeṣi ajñeṣvahi ajñeṣmahi
Secondajñeṣṭhāḥ ajñeṣāthām ajñedhvam
Thirdajñeṣṭa | ajñāyi ajñeṣātām ajñeṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jñāta m. n. jñātā f.

Past Active Participle
jñātavat m. n. jñātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jānat m. n. jānatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jānāna m. n. jānānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jñāyamāna m. n. jñāyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jñāsyat m. n. jñāsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jñāsyamāna m. n. jñāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jñātavya m. n. jñātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jñeya m. n. jñeyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jñānīya m. n. jñānīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajñivaḥ m. n. jajñuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajñāna m. n. jajñānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jñātum

Absolutive
jñāyam

Absolutive
jñātvā

Absolutive
-jñāyam

Absolutive
-jñāya

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