The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jyut

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotāmi jyotāvaḥ jyotāmaḥ
Secondjyotasi jyotathaḥ jyotatha
Thirdjyotati jyotataḥ jyotanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjyote jyotāvahe jyotāmahe
Secondjyotase jyotethe jyotadhve
Thirdjyotate jyotete jyotante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyutye jyutyāvahe jyutyāmahe
Secondjyutyase jyutyethe jyutyadhve
Thirdjyutyate jyutyete jyutyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajyotam ajyotāva ajyotāma
Secondajyotaḥ ajyotatam ajyotata
Thirdajyotat ajyotatām ajyotan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajyote ajyotāvahi ajyotāmahi
Secondajyotathāḥ ajyotethām ajyotadhvam
Thirdajyotata ajyotetām ajyotanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajyutye ajyutyāvahi ajyutyāmahi
Secondajyutyathāḥ ajyutyethām ajyutyadhvam
Thirdajyutyata ajyutyetām ajyutyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyoteyam jyoteva jyotema
Secondjyoteḥ jyotetam jyoteta
Thirdjyotet jyotetām jyoteyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjyoteya jyotevahi jyotemahi
Secondjyotethāḥ jyoteyāthām jyotedhvam
Thirdjyoteta jyoteyātām jyoteran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyutyeya jyutyevahi jyutyemahi
Secondjyutyethāḥ jyutyeyāthām jyutyedhvam
Thirdjyutyeta jyutyeyātām jyutyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotāni jyotāva jyotāma
Secondjyota jyotatam jyotata
Thirdjyotatu jyotatām jyotantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotai jyotāvahai jyotāmahai
Secondjyotasva jyotethām jyotadhvam
Thirdjyotatām jyotetām jyotantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyutyai jyutyāvahai jyutyāmahai
Secondjyutyasva jyutyethām jyutyadhvam
Thirdjyutyatām jyutyetām jyutyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotiṣyāmi jyotiṣyāvaḥ jyotiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjyotiṣyasi jyotiṣyathaḥ jyotiṣyatha
Thirdjyotiṣyati jyotiṣyataḥ jyotiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotiṣye jyotiṣyāvahe jyotiṣyāmahe
Secondjyotiṣyase jyotiṣyethe jyotiṣyadhve
Thirdjyotiṣyate jyotiṣyete jyotiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyotitāsmi jyotitāsvaḥ jyotitāsmaḥ
Secondjyotitāsi jyotitāsthaḥ jyotitāstha
Thirdjyotitā jyotitārau jyotitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjujyota jujyutiva jujyutima
Secondjujyotitha jujyutathuḥ jujyuta
Thirdjujyota jujyutatuḥ jujyutuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjujyute jujyutivahe jujyutimahe
Secondjujyutiṣe jujyutāthe jujyutidhve
Thirdjujyute jujyutāte jujyutire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jyutta m. n. jyuttā f.

Past Active Participle
jyuttavat m. n. jyuttavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jyotat m. n. jyotantī f.

Present Middle Participle
jyotamāna m. n. jyotamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jyutyamāna m. n. jyutyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jyotiṣyat m. n. jyotiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jyotiṣyamāṇa m. n. jyotiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyotitavya m. n. jyotitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyotya m. n. jyotyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyotanīya m. n. jyotanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jujyutvaḥ m. n. jujyutuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jujyutāna m. n. jujyutānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jyotitum

Absolutive
jyuttvā

Absolutive
-jyutya

Le chameau Ocaml
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