The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jyā_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjināmi jinīvaḥ jinīmaḥ
Secondjināsi jinīthaḥ jinītha
Thirdjināti jinītaḥ jinanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīye jīyāvahe jīyāmahe
Secondjīyase jīyethe jīyadhve
Thirdjīyate jīyete jīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajinām ajinīva ajinīma
Secondajināḥ ajinītam ajinīta
Thirdajināt ajinītām ajinan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīye ajīyāvahi ajīyāmahi
Secondajīyathāḥ ajīyethām ajīyadhvam
Thirdajīyata ajīyetām ajīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjinīyām jinīyāva jinīyāma
Secondjinīyāḥ jinīyātam jinīyāta
Thirdjinīyāt jinīyātām jinīyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīyeya jīyevahi jīyemahi
Secondjīyethāḥ jīyeyāthām jīyedhvam
Thirdjīyeta jīyeyātām jīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjināni jināva jināma
Secondjinīhi jinītam jinīta
Thirdjinātu jinītām jinantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīyai jīyāvahai jīyāmahai
Secondjīyasva jīyethām jīyadhvam
Thirdjīyatām jīyetām jīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyāsyāmi jyāsyāvaḥ jyāsyāmaḥ
Secondjyāsyasi jyāsyathaḥ jyāsyatha
Thirdjyāsyati jyāsyataḥ jyāsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjyāsye jyāsyāvahe jyāsyāmahe
Secondjyāsyase jyāsyethe jyāsyadhve
Thirdjyāsyate jyāsyete jyāsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjyātāsmi jyātāsvaḥ jyātāsmaḥ
Secondjyātāsi jyātāsthaḥ jyātāstha
Thirdjyātā jyātārau jyātāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjijyau jijyiva jijyima
Secondjijyitha | jijyātha jijyathuḥ jijya
Thirdjijyau jijyatuḥ jijyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjijye jijyivahe jijyimahe
Secondjijyiṣe jijyāthe jijyidhve
Thirdjijye jijyāte jijyire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jīta m. n. jītā f.

Past Active Participle
jītavat m. n. jītavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jinat m. n. jinatī f.

Present Passive Participle
jīyamāna m. n. jīyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jyāsyat m. n. jyāsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jyāsyamāna m. n. jyāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyātavya m. n. jyātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyeya m. n. jyeyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jyānīya m. n. jyānīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jijyivaḥ m. n. jijyuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jijyāna m. n. jijyānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jyātum

Absolutive
jītvā

Absolutive
-jīya

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