The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jval

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalāmi jvalāvaḥ jvalāmaḥ
Secondjvalasi jvalathaḥ jvalatha
Thirdjvalati jvalataḥ jvalanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalye jvalyāvahe jvalyāmahe
Secondjvalyase jvalyethe jvalyadhve
Thirdjvalyate jvalyete jvalyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajvalam ajvalāva ajvalāma
Secondajvalaḥ ajvalatam ajvalata
Thirdajvalat ajvalatām ajvalan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajvalye ajvalyāvahi ajvalyāmahi
Secondajvalyathāḥ ajvalyethām ajvalyadhvam
Thirdajvalyata ajvalyetām ajvalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvaleyam jvaleva jvalema
Secondjvaleḥ jvaletam jvaleta
Thirdjvalet jvaletām jvaleyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalyeya jvalyevahi jvalyemahi
Secondjvalyethāḥ jvalyeyāthām jvalyedhvam
Thirdjvalyeta jvalyeyātām jvalyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalāni jvalāva jvalāma
Secondjvala jvalatam jvalata
Thirdjvalatu jvalatām jvalantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalyai jvalyāvahai jvalyāmahai
Secondjvalyasva jvalyethām jvalyadhvam
Thirdjvalyatām jvalyetām jvalyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvaliṣyāmi jvaliṣyāvaḥ jvaliṣyāmaḥ
Secondjvaliṣyasi jvaliṣyathaḥ jvaliṣyatha
Thirdjvaliṣyati jvaliṣyataḥ jvaliṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjvalitāsmi jvalitāsvaḥ jvalitāsmaḥ
Secondjvalitāsi jvalitāsthaḥ jvalitāstha
Thirdjvalitā jvalitārau jvalitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajvāla | jajvala jajvaliva jajvalima
Secondjajvalitha jajvalathuḥ jajvala
Thirdjajvāla jajvalatuḥ jajvaluḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jvalita m. n. jvalitā f.

Past Active Participle
jvalitavat m. n. jvalitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jvalat m. n. jvalantī f.

Present Passive Participle
jvalyamāna m. n. jvalyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jvaliṣyat m. n. jvaliṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
jvalitavya m. n. jvalitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jvālya m. n. jvālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jvalanīya m. n. jvalanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajvalvaḥ m. n. jajvaluṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jvalitum

Absolutive
jvalitvā

Absolutive
-jvalya

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