The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jīv

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvāmi jīvāvaḥ jīvāmaḥ
Secondjīvasi jīvathaḥ jīvatha
Thirdjīvati jīvataḥ jīvanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvye jīvyāvahe jīvyāmahe
Secondjīvyase jīvyethe jīvyadhve
Thirdjīvyate jīvyete jīvyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīvam ajīvāva ajīvāma
Secondajīvaḥ ajīvatam ajīvata
Thirdajīvat ajīvatām ajīvan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīvye ajīvyāvahi ajīvyāmahi
Secondajīvyathāḥ ajīvyethām ajīvyadhvam
Thirdajīvyata ajīvyetām ajīvyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīveyam jīveva jīvema
Secondjīveḥ jīvetam jīveta
Thirdjīvet jīvetām jīveyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvyeya jīvyevahi jīvyemahi
Secondjīvyethāḥ jīvyeyāthām jīvyedhvam
Thirdjīvyeta jīvyeyātām jīvyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvāni jīvāva jīvāma
Secondjīva jīvatam jīvata
Thirdjīvatu jīvatām jīvantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvyai jīvyāvahai jīvyāmahai
Secondjīvyasva jīvyethām jīvyadhvam
Thirdjīvyatām jīvyetām jīvyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīviṣyāmi jīviṣyāvaḥ jīviṣyāmaḥ
Secondjīviṣyasi jīviṣyathaḥ jīviṣyatha
Thirdjīviṣyati jīviṣyataḥ jīviṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīvitāsmi jīvitāsvaḥ jīvitāsmaḥ
Secondjīvitāsi jīvitāsthaḥ jīvitāstha
Thirdjīvitā jīvitārau jīvitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjijīva jijīviva jijīvima
Secondjijīvitha jijīvathuḥ jijīva
Thirdjijīva jijīvatuḥ jijīvuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jīvita m. n. jīvitā f.

Past Active Participle
jīvitavat m. n. jīvitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jīvat m. n. jīvantī f.

Present Passive Participle
jīvyamāna m. n. jīvyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jīviṣyat m. n. jīviṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
jīvitavya m. n. jīvitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jīvya m. n. jīvyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jīvanīya m. n. jīvanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jijīvvaḥ m. n. jijīvuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jīvitum

Absolutive
jīvitvā

Absolutive
-jīvya

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