The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ji

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjayāmi jayāvaḥ jayāmaḥ
Secondjayasi jayathaḥ jayatha
Thirdjayati jayataḥ jayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjaye jayāvahe jayāmahe
Secondjayase jayethe jayadhve
Thirdjayate jayete jayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīye jīyāvahe jīyāmahe
Secondjīyase jīyethe jīyadhve
Thirdjīyate jīyete jīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajayam ajayāva ajayāma
Secondajayaḥ ajayatam ajayata
Thirdajayat ajayatām ajayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajaye ajayāvahi ajayāmahi
Secondajayathāḥ ajayethām ajayadhvam
Thirdajayata ajayetām ajayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīye ajīyāvahi ajīyāmahi
Secondajīyathāḥ ajīyethām ajīyadhvam
Thirdajīyata ajīyetām ajīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjayeyam jayeva jayema
Secondjayeḥ jayetam jayeta
Thirdjayet jayetām jayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjayeya jayevahi jayemahi
Secondjayethāḥ jayeyāthām jayedhvam
Thirdjayeta jayeyātām jayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīyeya jīyevahi jīyemahi
Secondjīyethāḥ jīyeyāthām jīyedhvam
Thirdjīyeta jīyeyātām jīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjayāni jayāva jayāma
Secondjaya jayatam jayata
Thirdjayatu jayatām jayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjayai jayāvahai jayāmahai
Secondjayasva jayethām jayadhvam
Thirdjayatām jayetām jayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīyai jīyāvahai jīyāmahai
Secondjīyasva jīyethām jīyadhvam
Thirdjīyatām jīyetām jīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjeṣyāmi | jayiṣyāmi jeṣyāvaḥ | jayiṣyāvaḥ jeṣyāmaḥ | jayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjeṣyasi | jayiṣyasi jeṣyathaḥ | jayiṣyathaḥ jeṣyatha | jayiṣyatha
Thirdjeṣyati | jayiṣyati jeṣyataḥ | jayiṣyataḥ jeṣyanti | jayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjeṣye | jayiṣye jeṣyāvahe | jayiṣyāvahe jeṣyāmahe | jayiṣyāmahe
Secondjeṣyase | jayiṣyase jeṣyethe | jayiṣyethe jeṣyadhve | jayiṣyadhve
Thirdjeṣyate | jayiṣyate jeṣyete | jayiṣyete jeṣyante | jayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjetāsmi | jayitāsmi jetāsvaḥ | jayitāsvaḥ jetāsmaḥ | jayitāsmaḥ
Secondjetāsi | jayitāsi jetāsthaḥ | jayitāsthaḥ jetāstha | jayitāstha
Thirdjetā | jayitā jetārau | jayitārau jetāraḥ | jayitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigāya | jigaya jigyiva jigyima
Secondjigetha | jigayitha jigyathuḥ jigya
Thirdjigāya jigyatuḥ jigyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjigye jigyivahe jigyimahe
Secondjigyiṣe jigyāthe jigyidhve
Thirdjigye jigyāte jigyire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajaiṣam | ajījayam ajaiṣva | ajījayāva ajaiṣma | ajījayāma
Secondajaiṣīḥ | ajījayaḥ ajaiṣṭam | ajījayatam ajaiṣṭa | ajījayata
Thirdajaiṣīt | ajījayat ajaiṣṭām | ajījayatām ajaiṣuḥ | ajījayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajeṣi | ajījaye ajeṣvahi | ajījayāvahi ajeṣmahi | ajījayāmahi
Secondajeṣṭhāḥ | ajījayathāḥ ajeṣāthām | ajījayethām ajeḍhvam | ajījayadhvam
Thirdajeṣṭa | ajījayata ajeṣātām | ajījayetām ajeṣata | ajījayanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jita m. n. jitā f.

Past Active Participle
jitavat m. n. jitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jayat m. n. jayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
jayamāna m. n. jayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jīyamāna m. n. jīyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jeṣyat m. n. jeṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
jayiṣyat m. n. jayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jayiṣyamāṇa m. n. jayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jeṣyamāṇa m. n. jeṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jetavya m. n. jetavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jayitavya m. n. jayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jeya m. n. jeyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jayanīya m. n. jayanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jitya m. n. jityā f.

Future Passive Participle
jayya m. n. jayyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jigivaḥ m. n. jigyuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jigyāna m. n. jigyānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jetum

Infinitive
jayitum

Absolutive
jitvā

Absolutive
-jitya

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