The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jap

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapāmi japāvaḥ japāmaḥ
Secondjapasi japathaḥ japatha
Thirdjapati japataḥ japanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapye japyāvahe japyāmahe
Secondjapyase japyethe japyadhve
Thirdjapyate japyete japyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajapam ajapāva ajapāma
Secondajapaḥ ajapatam ajapata
Thirdajapat ajapatām ajapan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajapye ajapyāvahi ajapyāmahi
Secondajapyathāḥ ajapyethām ajapyadhvam
Thirdajapyata ajapyetām ajapyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapeyam japeva japema
Secondjapeḥ japetam japeta
Thirdjapet japetām japeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapyeya japyevahi japyemahi
Secondjapyethāḥ japyeyāthām japyedhvam
Thirdjapyeta japyeyātām japyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapāni japāva japāma
Secondjapa japatam japata
Thirdjapatu japatām japantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapyai japyāvahai japyāmahai
Secondjapyasva japyethām japyadhvam
Thirdjapyatām japyetām japyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapiṣyāmi japiṣyāvaḥ japiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjapiṣyasi japiṣyathaḥ japiṣyatha
Thirdjapiṣyati japiṣyataḥ japiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjapitāsmi japitāsvaḥ japitāsmaḥ
Secondjapitāsi japitāsthaḥ japitāstha
Thirdjapitā japitārau japitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāpa | jajapa jepiva jepima
Secondjepitha | jajaptha jepathuḥ jepa
Thirdjajāpa jepatuḥ jepuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
japita m. n. japitā f.

Past Passive Participle
japta m. n. japtā f.

Past Active Participle
japtavat m. n. japtavatī f.

Past Active Participle
japitavat m. n. japitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
japat m. n. japantī f.

Present Passive Participle
japyamāna m. n. japyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
japiṣyat m. n. japiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
japitavya m. n. japitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
japya m. n. japyā f.

Future Passive Participle
japanīya m. n. japanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jepivaḥ m. n. jepuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
japitum

Absolutive
japtvā

Absolutive
japitvā

Absolutive
-japya

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