The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jan

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāye jāyāvahe jāyāmahe
Secondjāyase jāyethe jāyadhve
Thirdjāyate jāyete jāyante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanye janyāvahe janyāmahe
Secondjanyase janyethe janyadhve
Thirdjanyate janyete janyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajāye ajāyāvahi ajāyāmahi
Secondajāyathāḥ ajāyethām ajāyadhvam
Thirdajāyata ajāyetām ajāyanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanye ajanyāvahi ajanyāmahi
Secondajanyathāḥ ajanyethām ajanyadhvam
Thirdajanyata ajanyetām ajanyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāyeya jāyevahi jāyemahi
Secondjāyethāḥ jāyeyāthām jāyedhvam
Thirdjāyeta jāyeyātām jāyeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyeya janyevahi janyemahi
Secondjanyethāḥ janyeyāthām janyedhvam
Thirdjanyeta janyeyātām janyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāyai jāyāvahai jāyāmahai
Secondjāyasva jāyethām jāyadhvam
Thirdjāyatām jāyetām jāyantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyai janyāvahai janyāmahai
Secondjanyasva janyethām janyadhvam
Thirdjanyatām janyetām janyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsyāmi | janiṣyāmi jāsyāvaḥ | janiṣyāvaḥ jāsyāmaḥ | janiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjāsyasi | janiṣyasi jāsyathaḥ | janiṣyathaḥ jāsyatha | janiṣyatha
Thirdjāsyati | janiṣyati jāsyataḥ | janiṣyataḥ jāsyanti | janiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsye | janiṣye jāsyāvahe | janiṣyāvahe jāsyāmahe | janiṣyāmahe
Secondjāsyase | janiṣyase jāsyethe | janiṣyethe jāsyadhve | janiṣyadhve
Thirdjāsyate | janiṣyate jāsyete | janiṣyete jāsyante | janiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjātāsmi | janitāsmi jātāsvaḥ | janitāsvaḥ jātāsmaḥ | janitāsmaḥ
Secondjātāsi | janitāsi jātāsthaḥ | janitāsthaḥ jātāstha | janitāstha
Thirdjātā | janitā jātārau | janitārau jātāraḥ | janitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāna | jajana jajñiva jajñima
Secondjajñitha | jajantha jajñathuḥ jajña
Thirdjajāna jajñatuḥ jajñuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajñe jajñivahe jajñimahe
Secondjajñiṣe jajñāthe jajñidhve
Thirdjajñe jajñāte jajñire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajījanam | ajanam ajījanāva | ajanva ajījanāma | ajanma
Secondajījanaḥ | ajan ajījanatam | ajantam ajījanata | ajanta
Thirdajījanat | ajan ajījanatām | ajantām ajījanan | ajanan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajījane | ajaniṣi | ajani ajījanāvahi | ajanvahi | ajaniṣvahi ajījanāmahi | ajanmahi | ajaniṣmahi
Secondajījanathāḥ | ajanthāḥ | ajaniṣṭhāḥ ajījanethām | ajaniṣāthām | ajanāthām ajījanadhvam | ajandhvam | ajanidhvam
Thirdajījanata | ajāni | ajanta | ajaniṣṭa ajījanetām | ajaniṣātām | ajanātām ajījananta | ajaniṣata | ajanata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jāta m. n. jātā f.

Past Active Participle
jātavat m. n. jātavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jāyamāna m. n. jāyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
janyamāna m. n. janyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jāsyat m. n. jāsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
janiṣyat m. n. janiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
janiṣyamāṇa m. n. janiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jāsyamāna m. n. jāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jātavya m. n. jātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
janitavya m. n. janitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jānya m. n. jānyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jananīya m. n. jananīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajñivaḥ m. n. jajñuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajñāna m. n. jajñānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jātum

Infinitive
janitum

Absolutive
jātvā

Absolutive
-jāya

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