The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jan

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanāmi janāvaḥ janāmaḥ
Secondjanasi janathaḥ janatha
Thirdjanati janataḥ jananti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjane janāvahe janāmahe
Secondjanase janethe janadhve
Thirdjanate janete janante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanye janyāvahe janyāmahe
Secondjanyase janyethe janyadhve
Thirdjanyate janyete janyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanam ajanāva ajanāma
Secondajanaḥ ajanatam ajanata
Thirdajanat ajanatām ajanan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajane ajanāvahi ajanāmahi
Secondajanathāḥ ajanethām ajanadhvam
Thirdajanata ajanetām ajananta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanye ajanyāvahi ajanyāmahi
Secondajanyathāḥ ajanyethām ajanyadhvam
Thirdajanyata ajanyetām ajanyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaneyam janeva janema
Secondjaneḥ janetam janeta
Thirdjanet janetām janeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjaneya janevahi janemahi
Secondjanethāḥ janeyāthām janedhvam
Thirdjaneta janeyātām janeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyeya janyevahi janyemahi
Secondjanyethāḥ janyeyāthām janyedhvam
Thirdjanyeta janyeyātām janyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanāni janāva janāma
Secondjana janatam janata
Thirdjanatu janatām janantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjanai janāvahai janāmahai
Secondjanasva janethām janadhvam
Thirdjanatām janetām janantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyai janyāvahai janyāmahai
Secondjanyasva janyethām janyadhvam
Thirdjanyatām janyetām janyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsyāmi | janiṣyāmi jāsyāvaḥ | janiṣyāvaḥ jāsyāmaḥ | janiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjāsyasi | janiṣyasi jāsyathaḥ | janiṣyathaḥ jāsyatha | janiṣyatha
Thirdjāsyati | janiṣyati jāsyataḥ | janiṣyataḥ jāsyanti | janiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsye | janiṣye jāsyāvahe | janiṣyāvahe jāsyāmahe | janiṣyāmahe
Secondjāsyase | janiṣyase jāsyethe | janiṣyethe jāsyadhve | janiṣyadhve
Thirdjāsyate | janiṣyate jāsyete | janiṣyete jāsyante | janiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjātāsmi | janitāsmi jātāsvaḥ | janitāsvaḥ jātāsmaḥ | janitāsmaḥ
Secondjātāsi | janitāsi jātāsthaḥ | janitāsthaḥ jātāstha | janitāstha
Thirdjātā | janitā jātārau | janitārau jātāraḥ | janitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāna | jajana jajñiva jajñima
Secondjajñitha | jajantha jajñathuḥ jajña
Thirdjajāna jajñatuḥ jajñuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajñe jajñivahe jajñimahe
Secondjajñiṣe jajñāthe jajñidhve
Thirdjajñe jajñāte jajñire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajījanam | ajanam ajījanāva | ajanva ajījanāma | ajanma
Secondajījanaḥ | ajan ajījanatam | ajantam ajījanata | ajanta
Thirdajījanat | ajan ajījanatām | ajantām ajījanan | ajanan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajījane | ajaniṣi | ajani ajījanāvahi | ajanvahi | ajaniṣvahi ajījanāmahi | ajanmahi | ajaniṣmahi
Secondajījanathāḥ | ajanthāḥ | ajaniṣṭhāḥ ajījanethām | ajaniṣāthām | ajanāthām ajījanadhvam | ajandhvam | ajanidhvam
Thirdajījanata | ajāni | ajanta | ajaniṣṭa ajījanetām | ajaniṣātām | ajanātām ajījananta | ajaniṣata | ajanata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jāta m. n. jātā f.

Past Active Participle
jātavat m. n. jātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
janat m. n. janantī f.

Present Middle Participle
janamāna m. n. janamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
janyamāna m. n. janyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jāsyat m. n. jāsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
janiṣyat m. n. janiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
janiṣyamāṇa m. n. janiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jāsyamāna m. n. jāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jātavya m. n. jātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
janitavya m. n. janitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jānya m. n. jānyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jananīya m. n. jananīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajñivaḥ m. n. jajñuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajñāna m. n. jajñānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jātum

Infinitive
janitum

Absolutive
jātvā

Absolutive
-jāya

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2017
Logo Inria