The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jṝ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryāmi jīryāvaḥ jīryāmaḥ
Secondjīryasi jīryathaḥ jīryatha
Thirdjīryati jīryataḥ jīryanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīrye jīryāvahe jīryāmahe
Secondjīryase jīryethe jīryadhve
Thirdjīryate jīryete jīryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīryam ajīryāva ajīryāma
Secondajīryaḥ ajīryatam ajīryata
Thirdajīryat ajīryatām ajīryan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīrye ajīryāvahi ajīryāmahi
Secondajīryathāḥ ajīryethām ajīryadhvam
Thirdajīryata ajīryetām ajīryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryeyam jīryeva jīryema
Secondjīryeḥ jīryetam jīryeta
Thirdjīryet jīryetām jīryeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryeya jīryevahi jīryemahi
Secondjīryethāḥ jīryeyāthām jīryedhvam
Thirdjīryeta jīryeyātām jīryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryāṇi jīryāva jīryāma
Secondjīrya jīryatam jīryata
Thirdjīryatu jīryatām jīryantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryai jīryāvahai jīryāmahai
Secondjīryasva jīryethām jīryadhvam
Thirdjīryatām jīryetām jīryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarīṣyāmi | jariṣyāmi jarīṣyāvaḥ | jariṣyāvaḥ jarīṣyāmaḥ | jariṣyāmaḥ
Secondjarīṣyasi | jariṣyasi jarīṣyathaḥ | jariṣyathaḥ jarīṣyatha | jariṣyatha
Thirdjarīṣyati | jariṣyati jarīṣyataḥ | jariṣyataḥ jarīṣyanti | jariṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjarīṣye | jariṣye jarīṣyāvahe | jariṣyāvahe jarīṣyāmahe | jariṣyāmahe
Secondjarīṣyase | jariṣyase jarīṣyethe | jariṣyethe jarīṣyadhve | jariṣyadhve
Thirdjarīṣyate | jariṣyate jarīṣyete | jariṣyete jarīṣyante | jariṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarītāsmi | jaritāsmi jarītāsvaḥ | jaritāsvaḥ jarītāsmaḥ | jaritāsmaḥ
Secondjarītāsi | jaritāsi jarītāsthaḥ | jaritāsthaḥ jarītāstha | jaritāstha
Thirdjarītā | jaritā jarītārau | jaritārau jarītāraḥ | jaritāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāra | jajara jajariva jajarima
Secondjajaritha jajarathuḥ jajara
Thirdjajāra jajaratuḥ jajaruḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajare jajarivahe jajarimahe
Secondjajariṣe jajarāthe jajaridhve
Thirdjajare jajarāte jajarire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jīrṇa m. n. jīrṇā f.

Past Active Participle
jīrṇavat m. n. jīrṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jīryat m. n. jīryatī f.

Present Passive Participle
jīryamāṇa m. n. jīryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
jariṣyat m. n. jariṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
jarīṣyat m. n. jarīṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jarīṣyamāṇa m. n. jarīṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jariṣyamāṇa m. n. jariṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jaritavya m. n. jaritavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jarītavya m. n. jarītavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jārya m. n. jāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
jaraṇīya m. n. jaraṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajarvaḥ m. n. jajaruṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajarāṇa m. n. jajarāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jarītum

Infinitive
jaritum

Absolutive
jīrtvā

Absolutive
-jīrya

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