The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of han_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanmi hanvaḥ hanmaḥ
Secondhaṃsi hathaḥ hatha
Thirdhanti hataḥ ghnanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstghne hanvahe hanmahe
Secondhase ghnāthe hadhve
Thirdhate ghnāte ghnate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanye hanyāvahe hanyāmahe
Secondhanyase hanyethe hanyadhve
Thirdhanyate hanyete hanyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahanam ahanva ahanma
Secondahan ahatam ahata
Thirdahan ahatām aghnan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaghni ahanvahi ahanmahi
Secondahathāḥ aghnāthām ahadhvam
Thirdahata aghnātām aghnata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahanye ahanyāvahi ahanyāmahi
Secondahanyathāḥ ahanyethām ahanyadhvam
Thirdahanyata ahanyetām ahanyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanyām hanyāva hanyāma
Secondhanyāḥ hanyātam hanyāta
Thirdhanyāt hanyātām hanyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstghnīya ghnīvahi ghnīmahi
Secondghnīthāḥ ghnīyāthām ghnīdhvam
Thirdghnīta ghnīyātām ghnīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanyeya hanyevahi hanyemahi
Secondhanyethāḥ hanyeyāthām hanyedhvam
Thirdhanyeta hanyeyātām hanyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanāni hanāva hanāma
Secondjahi hatam hata
Thirdhantu hatām ghnantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthanai hanāvahai hanāmahai
Secondhasva ghnāthām hadhvam
Thirdhatām ghnātām ghnatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthanyai hanyāvahai hanyāmahai
Secondhanyasva hanyethām hanyadhvam
Thirdhanyatām hanyetām hanyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthaniṣyāmi | haṃsyāmi haniṣyāvaḥ | haṃsyāvaḥ haniṣyāmaḥ | haṃsyāmaḥ
Secondhaniṣyasi | haṃsyasi haniṣyathaḥ | haṃsyathaḥ haniṣyatha | haṃsyatha
Thirdhaniṣyati | haṃsyati haniṣyataḥ | haṃsyataḥ haniṣyanti | haṃsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthaniṣye | haṃsye haniṣyāvahe | haṃsyāvahe haniṣyāmahe | haṃsyāmahe
Secondhaniṣyase | haṃsyase haniṣyethe | haṃsyethe haniṣyadhve | haṃsyadhve
Thirdhaniṣyate | haṃsyate haniṣyete | haṃsyete haniṣyante | haṃsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthantāsmi hantāsvaḥ hantāsmaḥ
Secondhantāsi hantāsthaḥ hantāstha
Thirdhantā hantārau hantāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaghāna | jaghana jaghniva jaghnima
Secondjaghantha | jaghanitha jaghnathuḥ jaghna
Thirdjaghāna jaghnatuḥ jaghnuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjaghne jaghnivahe jaghnimahe
Secondjaghniṣe jaghnāthe jaghnidhve
Thirdjaghne jaghnāte jaghnire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
hata m. n. hatā f.

Past Active Participle
hatavat m. n. hatavatī f.

Present Active Participle
ghnat m. n. ghnatī f.

Present Middle Participle
hanāna m. n. hanānā f.

Present Passive Participle
hanyamāna m. n. hanyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
haṃsyat m. n. haṃsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
haniṣyat m. n. haniṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
haniṣyamāṇa m. n. haniṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
haṃsyamāna m. n. haṃsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
hantavya m. n. hantavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ghātya m. n. ghātyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hananīya m. n. hananīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jaghnivaḥ m. n. jaghnuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jaghnāna m. n. jaghnānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
hantum

Absolutive
hatvā

Absolutive
-hanya

Absolutive
-hatya

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