The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of grah

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhṇāmi | gṛbhṇāmi gṛhṇīvaḥ | gṛbhṇīvaḥ gṛhṇīmaḥ | gṛbhṇīmaḥ
Secondgṛhṇāsi | gṛbhṇāsi gṛhṇīthaḥ | gṛbhṇīthaḥ gṛhṇītha | gṛbhṇītha
Thirdgṛhṇāti | gṛbhṇāti gṛhṇītaḥ | gṛbhṇītaḥ gṛhṇanti | gṛbhṇanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhye gṛhyāvahe gṛhyāmahe
Secondgṛhyase gṛhyethe gṛhyadhve
Thirdgṛhyate gṛhyete gṛhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛhṇām | agṛbhṇām agṛhṇīva | agṛbhṇīva agṛhṇīma | agṛbhṇīma
Secondagṛhṇāḥ | agṛbhṇāḥ agṛhṇītam | agṛbhṇītam agṛhṇīta | agṛbhṇīta
Thirdagṛhṇāt | agṛbhṇāt agṛhṇītām | agṛbhṇītām agṛhṇan | agṛbhṇan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛhye agṛhyāvahi agṛhyāmahi
Secondagṛhyathāḥ agṛhyethām agṛhyadhvam
Thirdagṛhyata agṛhyetām agṛhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhṇīyām | gṛbhṇīyām gṛhṇīyāva | gṛbhṇīyāva gṛhṇīyāma | gṛbhṇīyāma
Secondgṛhṇīyāḥ | gṛbhṇīyāḥ gṛhṇīyātam | gṛbhṇīyātam gṛhṇīyāta | gṛbhṇīyāta
Thirdgṛhṇīyāt | gṛbhṇīyāt gṛhṇīyātām | gṛbhṇīyātām gṛhṇīyuḥ | gṛbhṇīyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhyeya gṛhyevahi gṛhyemahi
Secondgṛhyethāḥ gṛhyeyāthām gṛhyedhvam
Thirdgṛhyeta gṛhyeyātām gṛhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhṇāni | gṛbhṇāni gṛhṇāva | gṛbhṇāva gṛhṇāma | gṛbhṇāma
Secondgṛhāṇa | gṛbhāṇa gṛhṇītam | gṛbhṇītam gṛhṇīta | gṛbhṇīta
Thirdgṛhṇātu | gṛbhṇātu gṛhṇītām | gṛbhṇītām gṛhṇantu | gṛbhṇantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhyai gṛhyāvahai gṛhyāmahai
Secondgṛhyasva gṛhyethām gṛhyadhvam
Thirdgṛhyatām gṛhyetām gṛhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgrahīṣyāmi grahīṣyāvaḥ grahīṣyāmaḥ
Secondgrahīṣyasi grahīṣyathaḥ grahīṣyatha
Thirdgrahīṣyati grahīṣyataḥ grahīṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgrahītāsmi grahītāsvaḥ grahītāsmaḥ
Secondgrahītāsi grahītāsthaḥ grahītāstha
Thirdgrahītā grahītārau grahītāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagrāha | jagraha jagṛhiva jagṛhima
Secondjagrahitha jagṛhathuḥ jagṛha
Thirdjagrāha jagṛhatuḥ jagṛhuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajigraham | ajigrabham | agrahīṣam | agrabhīṣam ajigrahāva | ajigrabhāva | agrahīṣva | agrabhīṣva ajigrahāma | ajigrabhāma | agrahīṣma | agrabhīṣma
Secondajigrahaḥ | ajigrabhaḥ | agrahīḥ | agrabhīḥ ajigrahatam | ajigrabhatam | agrahīṣṭam | agrabhīṣṭam ajigrahata | ajigrabhata | agrahīṣṭa | agrabhīṣṭa
Thirdajigrahat | ajigrabhat | agrahīt | agrabhīt ajigrahatām | ajigrabhatām | agrahīṣṭām | agrabhīṣṭām ajigrahan | ajigrabhan | agrahīṣuḥ | agrabhīṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajigrahe | ajigrabhe | agrahīṣi | agrabhīṣi ajigrahāvahi | ajigrabhāvahi | agrahīṣvahi | agrabhīṣvahi ajigrahāmahi | ajigrabhāmahi | agrahīṣmahi | agrabhīṣmahi
Secondajigrahathāḥ | ajigrabhathāḥ | agrahīṣṭhāḥ | agrabhīṣṭhāḥ ajigrahethām | ajigrabhethām | agrahīṣāthām | agrabhīṣāthām ajigrahadhvam | ajigrabhadhvam | agrahīdhvam | agrabhīdhvam
Thirdajigrahata | ajigrabhata | agrahīṣṭa | agrabhīṣṭa ajigrahetām | ajigrabhetām | agrahīṣātām | agrabhīṣātām ajigrahanta | ajigrabhanta | agrahīṣata | agrabhīṣata


Benedictive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛhyāsam gṛhyāsva gṛhyāsma
Secondgṛhyāḥ gṛhyāstam gṛhyāsta
Thirdgṛhyāt gṛhyāstām gṛhyāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gṛhīta m. n. gṛhītā f.

Past Passive Participle
gṛbhīta m. n. gṛbhītā f.

Past Active Participle
gṛbhītavat m. n. gṛbhītavatī f.

Past Active Participle
gṛhītavat m. n. gṛhītavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gṛbhṇat m. n. gṛbhṇatī f.

Present Active Participle
gṛhṇat m. n. gṛhṇatī f.

Present Passive Participle
gṛhyamāṇa m. n. gṛhyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
grahīṣyat m. n. grahīṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
grahītavya m. n. grahītavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
grāhya m. n. grāhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
grahaṇīya m. n. grahaṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gṛhya m. n. gṛhyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagṛhvaḥ m. n. jagṛhuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
grahītum

Absolutive
grāham

Absolutive
gṛhītvā

Absolutive
gṛbhītvā

Absolutive
-grāham

Absolutive
-gṛhya

Absolutive
-gṛbhya

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