The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ghrā

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjighrāmi jighrāvaḥ jighrāmaḥ
Secondjighrasi jighrathaḥ jighratha
Thirdjighrati jighrataḥ jighranti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghrīye ghrīyāvahe ghrīyāmahe
Secondghrīyase ghrīyethe ghrīyadhve
Thirdghrīyate ghrīyete ghrīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajighram ajighrāva ajighrāma
Secondajighraḥ ajighratam ajighrata
Thirdajighrat ajighratām ajighran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaghrīye aghrīyāvahi aghrīyāmahi
Secondaghrīyathāḥ aghrīyethām aghrīyadhvam
Thirdaghrīyata aghrīyetām aghrīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjighreyam jighreva jighrema
Secondjighreḥ jighretam jighreta
Thirdjighret jighretām jighreyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghrīyeya ghrīyevahi ghrīyemahi
Secondghrīyethāḥ ghrīyeyāthām ghrīyedhvam
Thirdghrīyeta ghrīyeyātām ghrīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjighrāṇi jighrāva jighrāma
Secondjighra jighratam jighrata
Thirdjighratu jighratām jighrantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghrīyai ghrīyāvahai ghrīyāmahai
Secondghrīyasva ghrīyethām ghrīyadhvam
Thirdghrīyatām ghrīyetām ghrīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghrāsyāmi ghrāsyāvaḥ ghrāsyāmaḥ
Secondghrāsyasi ghrāsyathaḥ ghrāsyatha
Thirdghrāsyati ghrāsyataḥ ghrāsyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghrātāsmi ghrātāsvaḥ ghrātāsmaḥ
Secondghrātāsi ghrātāsthaḥ ghrātāstha
Thirdghrātā ghrātārau ghrātāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaghrau jaghriva jaghrima
Secondjaghritha | jaghrātha jaghrathuḥ jaghra
Thirdjaghrau jaghratuḥ jaghruḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
ghrāta m. n. ghrātā f.

Past Active Participle
ghrātavat m. n. ghrātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jighrat m. n. jighrantī f.

Present Passive Participle
ghrīyamāṇa m. n. ghrīyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
ghrāsyat m. n. ghrāsyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
ghrātavya m. n. ghrātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ghreya m. n. ghreyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ghrāṇīya m. n. ghrāṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jaghrivaḥ m. n. jaghruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
ghrātum

Absolutive
ghrātvā

Absolutive
-ghrāya

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