The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ghṛ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigharmi jighṛvaḥ jighṛmaḥ
Secondjigharṣi jighṛthaḥ jighṛtha
Thirdjigharti jighṛtaḥ jighrati


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghriye ghriyāvahe ghriyāmahe
Secondghriyase ghriyethe ghriyadhve
Thirdghriyate ghriyete ghriyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajigharam ajighṛva ajighṛma
Secondajighaḥ ajighṛtam ajighṛta
Thirdajighaḥ ajighṛtām ajigharuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaghriye aghriyāvahi aghriyāmahi
Secondaghriyathāḥ aghriyethām aghriyadhvam
Thirdaghriyata aghriyetām aghriyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjighṛyām jighṛyāva jighṛyāma
Secondjighṛyāḥ jighṛyātam jighṛyāta
Thirdjighṛyāt jighṛyātām jighṛyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghriyeya ghriyevahi ghriyemahi
Secondghriyethāḥ ghriyeyāthām ghriyedhvam
Thirdghriyeta ghriyeyātām ghriyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigharāṇi jigharāva jigharāma
Secondjighṛhi jighṛtam jighṛta
Thirdjighartu jighṛtām jighratu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghriyai ghriyāvahai ghriyāmahai
Secondghriyasva ghriyethām ghriyadhvam
Thirdghriyatām ghriyetām ghriyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghariṣyāmi ghariṣyāvaḥ ghariṣyāmaḥ
Secondghariṣyasi ghariṣyathaḥ ghariṣyatha
Thirdghariṣyati ghariṣyataḥ ghariṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstghartāsmi ghartāsvaḥ ghartāsmaḥ
Secondghartāsi ghartāsthaḥ ghartāstha
Thirdghartā ghartārau ghartāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaghāra | jaghara jaghṛva jaghṛma
Secondjaghartha | jagharitha jaghrathuḥ jaghra
Thirdjaghāra jaghratuḥ jaghruḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
ghṛta m. n. ghṛtā f.

Past Active Participle
ghṛtavat m. n. ghṛtavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jighrat m. n. jighratī f.

Present Passive Participle
ghriyamāṇa m. n. ghriyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
ghariṣyat m. n. ghariṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
ghartavya m. n. ghartavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ghārya m. n. ghāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
gharaṇīya m. n. gharaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jaghṛvaḥ m. n. jaghruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
ghartum

Absolutive
ghṛtvā

Absolutive
-ghṛtya

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