The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of garj

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjāmi garjāvaḥ garjāmaḥ
Secondgarjasi garjathaḥ garjatha
Thirdgarjati garjataḥ garjanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjye garjyāvahe garjyāmahe
Secondgarjyase garjyethe garjyadhve
Thirdgarjyate garjyete garjyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagarjam agarjāva agarjāma
Secondagarjaḥ agarjatam agarjata
Thirdagarjat agarjatām agarjan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagarjye agarjyāvahi agarjyāmahi
Secondagarjyathāḥ agarjyethām agarjyadhvam
Thirdagarjyata agarjyetām agarjyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjeyam garjeva garjema
Secondgarjeḥ garjetam garjeta
Thirdgarjet garjetām garjeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjyeya garjyevahi garjyemahi
Secondgarjyethāḥ garjyeyāthām garjyedhvam
Thirdgarjyeta garjyeyātām garjyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjāni garjāva garjāma
Secondgarja garjatam garjata
Thirdgarjatu garjatām garjantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjyai garjyāvahai garjyāmahai
Secondgarjyasva garjyethām garjyadhvam
Thirdgarjyatām garjyetām garjyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjiṣyāmi garjiṣyāvaḥ garjiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgarjiṣyasi garjiṣyathaḥ garjiṣyatha
Thirdgarjiṣyati garjiṣyataḥ garjiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarjitāsmi garjitāsvaḥ garjitāsmaḥ
Secondgarjitāsi garjitāsthaḥ garjitāstha
Thirdgarjitā garjitārau garjitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagarja jagarjiva jagarjima
Secondjagarjitha jagarjathuḥ jagarja
Thirdjagarja jagarjatuḥ jagarjuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
garjita m. n. garjitā f.

Past Active Participle
garjitavat m. n. garjitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
garjat m. n. garjantī f.

Present Passive Participle
garjyamāna m. n. garjyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
garjiṣyat m. n. garjiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
garjitavya m. n. garjitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garjya m. n. garjyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garjanīya m. n. garjanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagarjvaḥ m. n. jagarjuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
garjitum

Absolutive
garjitvā

Absolutive
-garjya

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