The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of garh

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhāmi garhāvaḥ garhāmaḥ
Secondgarhasi garhathaḥ garhatha
Thirdgarhati garhataḥ garhanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhe garhāvahe garhāmahe
Secondgarhase garhethe garhadhve
Thirdgarhate garhete garhante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhye garhyāvahe garhyāmahe
Secondgarhyase garhyethe garhyadhve
Thirdgarhyate garhyete garhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagarham agarhāva agarhāma
Secondagarhaḥ agarhatam agarhata
Thirdagarhat agarhatām agarhan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstagarhe agarhāvahi agarhāmahi
Secondagarhathāḥ agarhethām agarhadhvam
Thirdagarhata agarhetām agarhanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagarhye agarhyāvahi agarhyāmahi
Secondagarhyathāḥ agarhyethām agarhyadhvam
Thirdagarhyata agarhyetām agarhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarheyam garheva garhema
Secondgarheḥ garhetam garheta
Thirdgarhet garhetām garheyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgarheya garhevahi garhemahi
Secondgarhethāḥ garheyāthām garhedhvam
Thirdgarheta garheyātām garheran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhyeya garhyevahi garhyemahi
Secondgarhyethāḥ garhyeyāthām garhyedhvam
Thirdgarhyeta garhyeyātām garhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhāṇi garhāva garhāma
Secondgarha garhatam garhata
Thirdgarhatu garhatām garhantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhai garhāvahai garhāmahai
Secondgarhasva garhethām garhadhvam
Thirdgarhatām garhetām garhantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhyai garhyāvahai garhyāmahai
Secondgarhyasva garhyethām garhyadhvam
Thirdgarhyatām garhyetām garhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhiṣyāmi garhiṣyāvaḥ garhiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgarhiṣyasi garhiṣyathaḥ garhiṣyatha
Thirdgarhiṣyati garhiṣyataḥ garhiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhiṣye garhiṣyāvahe garhiṣyāmahe
Secondgarhiṣyase garhiṣyethe garhiṣyadhve
Thirdgarhiṣyate garhiṣyete garhiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarhitāsmi garhitāsvaḥ garhitāsmaḥ
Secondgarhitāsi garhitāsthaḥ garhitāstha
Thirdgarhitā garhitārau garhitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagarha jagarhiva jagarhima
Secondjagarhitha jagarhathuḥ jagarha
Thirdjagarha jagarhatuḥ jagarhuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjagarhe jagarhivahe jagarhimahe
Secondjagarhiṣe jagarhāthe jagarhidhve
Thirdjagarhe jagarhāte jagarhire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
garhita m. n. garhitā f.

Past Active Participle
garhitavat m. n. garhitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
garhat m. n. garhantī f.

Present Middle Participle
garhamāṇa m. n. garhamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
garhyamāṇa m. n. garhyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
garhiṣyat m. n. garhiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
garhiṣyamāṇa m. n. garhiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
garhitavya m. n. garhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garhya m. n. garhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garhaṇīya m. n. garhaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagarhvaḥ m. n. jagarhuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jagarhāṇa m. n. jagarhāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
garhitum

Absolutive
garhitvā

Absolutive
-garhya

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