The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gard

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardāmi gardāvaḥ gardāmaḥ
Secondgardasi gardathaḥ gardatha
Thirdgardati gardataḥ gardanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardye gardyāvahe gardyāmahe
Secondgardyase gardyethe gardyadhve
Thirdgardyate gardyete gardyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagardam agardāva agardāma
Secondagardaḥ agardatam agardata
Thirdagardat agardatām agardan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagardye agardyāvahi agardyāmahi
Secondagardyathāḥ agardyethām agardyadhvam
Thirdagardyata agardyetām agardyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardeyam gardeva gardema
Secondgardeḥ gardetam gardeta
Thirdgardet gardetām gardeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardyeya gardyevahi gardyemahi
Secondgardyethāḥ gardyeyāthām gardyedhvam
Thirdgardyeta gardyeyātām gardyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardāni gardāva gardāma
Secondgarda gardatam gardata
Thirdgardatu gardatām gardantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardyai gardyāvahai gardyāmahai
Secondgardyasva gardyethām gardyadhvam
Thirdgardyatām gardyetām gardyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardiṣyāmi gardiṣyāvaḥ gardiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgardiṣyasi gardiṣyathaḥ gardiṣyatha
Thirdgardiṣyati gardiṣyataḥ gardiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarditāsmi garditāsvaḥ garditāsmaḥ
Secondgarditāsi garditāsthaḥ garditāstha
Thirdgarditā garditārau garditāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagarda jagardiva jagardima
Secondjagarditha jagardathuḥ jagarda
Thirdjagarda jagardatuḥ jagarduḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gardita m. n. garditā f.

Past Active Participle
garditavat m. n. garditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gardat m. n. gardantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gardyamāna m. n. gardyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gardiṣyat m. n. gardiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
garditavya m. n. garditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gardya m. n. gardyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gardanīya m. n. gardanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagardvaḥ m. n. jagarduṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
garditum

Absolutive
garditvā

Absolutive
-gardya

Le chameau Ocaml
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