The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gam

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgacchāmi gacchāvaḥ gacchāmaḥ
Secondgacchasi gacchathaḥ gacchatha
Thirdgacchati gacchataḥ gacchanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgacche gacchāvahe gacchāmahe
Secondgacchase gacchethe gacchadhve
Thirdgacchate gacchete gacchante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgamye gamyāvahe gamyāmahe
Secondgamyase gamyethe gamyadhve
Thirdgamyate gamyete gamyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagaccham agacchāva agacchāma
Secondagacchaḥ agacchatam agacchata
Thirdagacchat agacchatām agacchan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstagacche agacchāvahi agacchāmahi
Secondagacchathāḥ agacchethām agacchadhvam
Thirdagacchata agacchetām agacchanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagamye agamyāvahi agamyāmahi
Secondagamyathāḥ agamyethām agamyadhvam
Thirdagamyata agamyetām agamyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgaccheyam gaccheva gacchema
Secondgaccheḥ gacchetam gaccheta
Thirdgacchet gacchetām gaccheyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgaccheya gacchevahi gacchemahi
Secondgacchethāḥ gaccheyāthām gacchedhvam
Thirdgaccheta gaccheyātām gaccheran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgamyeya gamyevahi gamyemahi
Secondgamyethāḥ gamyeyāthām gamyedhvam
Thirdgamyeta gamyeyātām gamyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgacchāni gacchāva gacchāma
Secondgaccha gacchatam gacchata
Thirdgacchatu gacchatām gacchantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgacchai gacchāvahai gacchāmahai
Secondgacchasva gacchethām gacchadhvam
Thirdgacchatām gacchetām gacchantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgamyai gamyāvahai gamyāmahai
Secondgamyasva gamyethām gamyadhvam
Thirdgamyatām gamyetām gamyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgamiṣyāmi gamiṣyāvaḥ gamiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgamiṣyasi gamiṣyathaḥ gamiṣyatha
Thirdgamiṣyati gamiṣyataḥ gamiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgamiṣye gamiṣyāvahe gamiṣyāmahe
Secondgamiṣyase gamiṣyethe gamiṣyadhve
Thirdgamiṣyate gamiṣyete gamiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgantāsmi gantāsvaḥ gantāsmaḥ
Secondgantāsi gantāsthaḥ gantāstha
Thirdgantā gantārau gantāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagāma | jagama jagmiva jagmima
Secondjagamitha | jagantha jagmathuḥ jagma
Thirdjagāma jagmatuḥ jagmuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjagme jagmivahe jagmimahe
Secondjagmiṣe jagmāthe jagmidhve
Thirdjagme jagmāte jagmire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīgamam | agamam | agamam ajīgamāva | agamāva | aganva ajīgamāma | agamāma | aganma
Secondajīgamaḥ | agamaḥ | agan ajīgamatam | agamatam | agantam ajīgamata | agamata | aganta
Thirdajīgamat | agamat | agan ajīgamatām | agamatām | agantām ajīgaman | agman | agaman


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajīgame | agame | agami ajīgamāvahi | agamāvahi | aganvahi ajīgamāmahi | agamāmahi | aganmahi
Secondajīgamathāḥ | agamathāḥ | aganthāḥ ajīgamethām | agamethām | agamāthām ajīgamadhvam | agamadhvam | agandhvam
Thirdajīgamata | agāmi | agamata | aganta ajīgametām | agametām | agamātām ajīgamanta | agamanta | agamata


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīgamam | gamam | gamam jīgamāva | gamāva | ganva jīgamāma | gamāma | ganma
Secondjīgamaḥ | gamaḥ | gan jīgamatam | gamatam | gantam jīgamata | gamata | ganta
Thirdjīgamat | gamat | gan jīgamatām | gamatām | gantām jīgaman | gman | gaman


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjīgame | game | gami jīgamāvahi | gamāvahi | ganvahi jīgamāmahi | gamāmahi | ganmahi
Secondjīgamathāḥ | gamathāḥ | ganthāḥ jīgamethām | gamethām | gamāthām jīgamadhvam | gamadhvam | gandhvam
Thirdjīgamata | gāmi | gamata | ganta jīgametām | gametām | gamātām jīgamanta | gamanta | gamata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gata m. n. gatā f.

Past Active Participle
gatavat m. n. gatavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gacchat m. n. gacchantī f.

Present Middle Participle
gacchamāna m. n. gacchamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
gamyamāna m. n. gamyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gamiṣyat m. n. gamiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
gamiṣyamāṇa m. n. gamiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
gantavya m. n. gantavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gamya m. n. gamyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gamanīya m. n. gamanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagmivaḥ m. n. jagmuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jagmāna m. n. jagmānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
gantum

Absolutive
gatvā

Absolutive
-gamya

Absolutive
-gatya

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