The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gaj

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajāmi gajāvaḥ gajāmaḥ
Secondgajasi gajathaḥ gajatha
Thirdgajati gajataḥ gajanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajye gajyāvahe gajyāmahe
Secondgajyase gajyethe gajyadhve
Thirdgajyate gajyete gajyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagajam agajāva agajāma
Secondagajaḥ agajatam agajata
Thirdagajat agajatām agajan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagajye agajyāvahi agajyāmahi
Secondagajyathāḥ agajyethām agajyadhvam
Thirdagajyata agajyetām agajyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajeyam gajeva gajema
Secondgajeḥ gajetam gajeta
Thirdgajet gajetām gajeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajyeya gajyevahi gajyemahi
Secondgajyethāḥ gajyeyāthām gajyedhvam
Thirdgajyeta gajyeyātām gajyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajāni gajāva gajāma
Secondgaja gajatam gajata
Thirdgajatu gajatām gajantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajyai gajyāvahai gajyāmahai
Secondgajyasva gajyethām gajyadhvam
Thirdgajyatām gajyetām gajyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajiṣyāmi gajiṣyāvaḥ gajiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgajiṣyasi gajiṣyathaḥ gajiṣyatha
Thirdgajiṣyati gajiṣyataḥ gajiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgajitāsmi gajitāsvaḥ gajitāsmaḥ
Secondgajitāsi gajitāsthaḥ gajitāstha
Thirdgajitā gajitārau gajitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagāja | jagaja jagajiva jagajima
Secondjagajitha jagajathuḥ jagaja
Thirdjagāja jagajatuḥ jagajuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gakta m. n. gaktā f.

Past Active Participle
gaktavat m. n. gaktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gajat m. n. gajantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gajyamāna m. n. gajyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gajiṣyat m. n. gajiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
gajitavya m. n. gajitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gājya m. n. gājyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gajanīya m. n. gajanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagajvaḥ m. n. jagajuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
gajitum

Absolutive
gaktvā

Absolutive
-gajya

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