The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gṝ_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirāmi girāvaḥ girāmaḥ
Secondgirasi girathaḥ giratha
Thirdgirati girataḥ giranti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīrye gīryāvahe gīryāmahe
Secondgīryase gīryethe gīryadhve
Thirdgīryate gīryete gīryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagiram agirāva agirāma
Secondagiraḥ agiratam agirata
Thirdagirat agiratām agiran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagīrye agīryāvahi agīryāmahi
Secondagīryathāḥ agīryethām agīryadhvam
Thirdagīryata agīryetām agīryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgireyam gireva girema
Secondgireḥ giretam gireta
Thirdgiret giretām gireyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīryeya gīryevahi gīryemahi
Secondgīryethāḥ gīryeyāthām gīryedhvam
Thirdgīryeta gīryeyātām gīryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirāṇi girāva girāma
Secondgira giratam girata
Thirdgiratu giratām girantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīryai gīryāvahai gīryāmahai
Secondgīryasva gīryethām gīryadhvam
Thirdgīryatām gīryetām gīryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarīṣyāmi | gariṣyāmi garīṣyāvaḥ | gariṣyāvaḥ garīṣyāmaḥ | gariṣyāmaḥ
Secondgarīṣyasi | gariṣyasi garīṣyathaḥ | gariṣyathaḥ garīṣyatha | gariṣyatha
Thirdgarīṣyati | gariṣyati garīṣyataḥ | gariṣyataḥ garīṣyanti | gariṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarītāsmi | garitāsmi garītāsvaḥ | garitāsvaḥ garītāsmaḥ | garitāsmaḥ
Secondgarītāsi | garitāsi garītāsthaḥ | garitāsthaḥ garītāstha | garitāstha
Thirdgarītā | garitā garītārau | garitārau garītāraḥ | garitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagāra | jagara jagariva jagarima
Secondjagaritha jagarathuḥ jagara
Thirdjagāra jagaratuḥ jagaruḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gīrṇa m. n. gīrṇā f.

Past Active Participle
gīrṇavat m. n. gīrṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
girat m. n. girantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gīryamāṇa m. n. gīryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
gariṣyat m. n. gariṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
garīṣyat m. n. garīṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
garitavya m. n. garitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garītavya m. n. garītavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gārya m. n. gāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
garaṇīya m. n. garaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagarvaḥ m. n. jagaruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
giritum

Absolutive
gīrtvā

Absolutive
-gīrya

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