The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gṛdh

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhyāmi gṛdhyāvaḥ gṛdhyāmaḥ
Secondgṛdhyasi gṛdhyathaḥ gṛdhyatha
Thirdgṛdhyati gṛdhyataḥ gṛdhyanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhye gṛdhyāvahe gṛdhyāmahe
Secondgṛdhyase gṛdhyethe gṛdhyadhve
Thirdgṛdhyate gṛdhyete gṛdhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛdhyam agṛdhyāva agṛdhyāma
Secondagṛdhyaḥ agṛdhyatam agṛdhyata
Thirdagṛdhyat agṛdhyatām agṛdhyan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛdhye agṛdhyāvahi agṛdhyāmahi
Secondagṛdhyathāḥ agṛdhyethām agṛdhyadhvam
Thirdagṛdhyata agṛdhyetām agṛdhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhyeyam gṛdhyeva gṛdhyema
Secondgṛdhyeḥ gṛdhyetam gṛdhyeta
Thirdgṛdhyet gṛdhyetām gṛdhyeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhyeya gṛdhyevahi gṛdhyemahi
Secondgṛdhyethāḥ gṛdhyeyāthām gṛdhyedhvam
Thirdgṛdhyeta gṛdhyeyātām gṛdhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhyāni gṛdhyāva gṛdhyāma
Secondgṛdhya gṛdhyatam gṛdhyata
Thirdgṛdhyatu gṛdhyatām gṛdhyantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhyai gṛdhyāvahai gṛdhyāmahai
Secondgṛdhyasva gṛdhyethām gṛdhyadhvam
Thirdgṛdhyatām gṛdhyetām gṛdhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardhiṣyāmi gardhiṣyāvaḥ gardhiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgardhiṣyasi gardhiṣyathaḥ gardhiṣyatha
Thirdgardhiṣyati gardhiṣyataḥ gardhiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgardhitāsmi gardhitāsvaḥ gardhitāsmaḥ
Secondgardhitāsi gardhitāsthaḥ gardhitāstha
Thirdgardhitā gardhitārau gardhitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagardha jagṛdhiva jagṛdhima
Secondjagardhitha jagṛdhathuḥ jagṛdha
Thirdjagardha jagṛdhatuḥ jagṛdhuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛdham agṛdhāva agṛdhāma
Secondagṛdhaḥ agṛdhatam agṛdhata
Thirdagṛdhat agṛdhatām agṛdhan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstagṛdhe agṛdhāvahi agṛdhāmahi
Secondagṛdhathāḥ agṛdhethām agṛdhadhvam
Thirdagṛdhata agṛdhetām agṛdhanta


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdham gṛdhāva gṛdhāma
Secondgṛdhaḥ gṛdhatam gṛdhata
Thirdgṛdhat gṛdhatām gṛdhan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgṛdhe gṛdhāvahi gṛdhāmahi
Secondgṛdhathāḥ gṛdhethām gṛdhadhvam
Thirdgṛdhata gṛdhetām gṛdhanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gṛddha m. n. gṛddhā f.

Past Active Participle
gṛddhavat m. n. gṛddhavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gṛdhyat m. n. gṛdhyantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gṛdhyamāna m. n. gṛdhyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gardhiṣyat m. n. gardhiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
gardhitavya m. n. gardhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gṛdhya m. n. gṛdhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gardhanīya m. n. gardhanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagṛdhvaḥ m. n. jagṛdhuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
gardhitum

Absolutive
gṛddhvā

Absolutive
gardhitvā

Absolutive
-gṛdhya

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2018
Logo Inria