The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of cit_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcetāmi cetāvaḥ cetāmaḥ
Secondcetasi cetathaḥ cetatha
Thirdcetati cetataḥ cetanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcitye cityāvahe cityāmahe
Secondcityase cityethe cityadhve
Thirdcityate cityete cityante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacetam acetāva acetāma
Secondacetaḥ acetatam acetata
Thirdacetat acetatām acetan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacitye acityāvahi acityāmahi
Secondacityathāḥ acityethām acityadhvam
Thirdacityata acityetām acityanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceteyam ceteva cetema
Secondceteḥ cetetam ceteta
Thirdcetet cetetām ceteyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcityeya cityevahi cityemahi
Secondcityethāḥ cityeyāthām cityedhvam
Thirdcityeta cityeyātām cityeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcetāni cetāva cetāma
Secondceta cetatam cetata
Thirdcetatu cetatām cetantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcityai cityāvahai cityāmahai
Secondcityasva cityethām cityadhvam
Thirdcityatām cityetām cityantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcetiṣyāmi cetiṣyāvaḥ cetiṣyāmaḥ
Secondcetiṣyasi cetiṣyathaḥ cetiṣyatha
Thirdcetiṣyati cetiṣyataḥ cetiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcetitāsmi cetitāsvaḥ cetitāsmaḥ
Secondcetitāsi cetitāsthaḥ cetitāstha
Thirdcetitā cetitārau cetitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstciketa cikitiva cikitima
Secondciketitha cikitathuḥ cikita
Thirdciketa cikitatuḥ cikituḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcikitre | cikite cikitrivahe | cikitivahe cikitrimahe | cikitimahe
Secondcikitriṣe | cikitiṣe cikitrāthe | cikitāthe cikitridhve | cikitidhve
Thirdcikitre | cikite cikitrāte | cikitāte cikitrire | cikitire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
citta m. n. cittā f.

Past Active Participle
cittavat m. n. cittavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cetat m. n. cetantī f.

Present Passive Participle
cityamāna m. n. cityamānā f.

Future Active Participle
cetiṣyat m. n. cetiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
cetitavya m. n. cetitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cetya m. n. cetyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cetanīya m. n. cetanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cikitvaḥ m. n. cikituṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cikitāna m. n. cikitānā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cikitrāṇa m. n. cikitrāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cetitum

Absolutive
cittvā

Absolutive
-citya

Le chameau Ocaml
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