The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ci

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcinomi cinvaḥ | cinuvaḥ cinmaḥ | cinumaḥ
Secondcinoṣi cinuthaḥ cinutha
Thirdcinoti cinutaḥ cinvanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcinve cinvahe | cinuvahe cinmahe | cinumahe
Secondcinuṣe cinvāthe cinudhve
Thirdcinute cinvāte cinvate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcīye cīyāvahe cīyāmahe
Secondcīyase cīyethe cīyadhve
Thirdcīyate cīyete cīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacinavam acinva | acinuva acinma | acinuma
Secondacinoḥ acinutam acinuta
Thirdacinot acinutām acinvan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacinvi acinvahi | acinuvahi acinmahi | acinumahi
Secondacinuthāḥ acinvāthām acinudhvam
Thirdacinuta acinvātām acinvata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacīye acīyāvahi acīyāmahi
Secondacīyathāḥ acīyethām acīyadhvam
Thirdacīyata acīyetām acīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcinuyām cinuyāva cinuyāma
Secondcinuyāḥ cinuyātam cinuyāta
Thirdcinuyāt cinuyātām cinuyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcinvīya cinvīvahi cinvīmahi
Secondcinvīthāḥ cinvīyāthām cinvīdhvam
Thirdcinvīta cinvīyātām cinvīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcīyeya cīyevahi cīyemahi
Secondcīyethāḥ cīyeyāthām cīyedhvam
Thirdcīyeta cīyeyātām cīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcinavāni cinavāva cinavāma
Secondcinu cinutam cinuta
Thirdcinotu cinutām cinvantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcinavai cinavāvahai cinavāmahai
Secondcinuṣva cinvāthām cinudhvam
Thirdcinutām cinvātām cinvatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcīyai cīyāvahai cīyāmahai
Secondcīyasva cīyethām cīyadhvam
Thirdcīyatām cīyetām cīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣyāmi ceṣyāvaḥ ceṣyāmaḥ
Secondceṣyasi ceṣyathaḥ ceṣyatha
Thirdceṣyati ceṣyataḥ ceṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣye ceṣyāvahe ceṣyāmahe
Secondceṣyase ceṣyethe ceṣyadhve
Thirdceṣyate ceṣyete ceṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcetāsmi cetāsvaḥ cetāsmaḥ
Secondcetāsi cetāsthaḥ cetāstha
Thirdcetā cetārau cetāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcikāya | cikaya cikyiva cikyima
Secondciketha | cikayitha cikyathuḥ cikya
Thirdcikāya cikyatuḥ cikyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcikye cikyivahe cikyimahe
Secondcikyiṣe cikyāthe cikyidhve
Thirdcikye cikyāte cikyire


Aorist

MiddleSingularDualPlural
First
Second
Thirdacāyi

Participles

Past Passive Participle
cita m. n. citā f.

Past Active Participle
citavat m. n. citavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cinvat m. n. cinvatī f.

Present Middle Participle
cinvāna m. n. cinvānā f.

Present Passive Participle
cīyamāna m. n. cīyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
ceṣyat m. n. ceṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
ceṣyamāṇa m. n. ceṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
cetavya m. n. cetavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ceya m. n. ceyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cayanīya m. n. cayanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cāyya m. n. cāyyā f.

Future Passive Participle
citya m. n. cityā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cikivaḥ m. n. cikyuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cikyāna m. n. cikyānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cetum

Absolutive
citvā

Absolutive
-citya

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