The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of chid_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadmi chindvaḥ chindmaḥ
Secondchinatsi chintthaḥ chinttha
Thirdchinatti chinttaḥ chindanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchinde chindvahe chindmahe
Secondchintse chindāthe chinddhve
Thirdchintte chindāte chindate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidye chidyāvahe chidyāmahe
Secondchidyase chidyethe chidyadhve
Thirdchidyate chidyete chidyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchinadam acchindva acchindma
Secondacchinaḥ | acchinat acchinttam acchintta
Thirdacchinat acchinttām acchindan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchindi acchindvahi acchindmahi
Secondacchintthāḥ acchindāthām acchinddhvam
Thirdacchintta acchindātām acchindata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchidye acchidyāvahi acchidyāmahi
Secondacchidyathāḥ acchidyethām acchidyadhvam
Thirdacchidyata acchidyetām acchidyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchindyām chindyāva chindyāma
Secondchindyāḥ chindyātam chindyāta
Thirdchindyāt chindyātām chindyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchindīya chindīvahi chindīmahi
Secondchindīthāḥ chindīyāthām chindīdhvam
Thirdchindīta chindīyātām chindīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidyeya chidyevahi chidyemahi
Secondchidyethāḥ chidyeyāthām chidyedhvam
Thirdchidyeta chidyeyātām chidyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadāni chinadāva chinadāma
Secondchinddhi chinttam chintta
Thirdchinattu chinttām chindantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadai chinadāvahai chinadāmahai
Secondchintsva chindāthām chinddhvam
Thirdchinttām chindātām chindatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidyai chidyāvahai chidyāmahai
Secondchidyasva chidyethām chidyadhvam
Thirdchidyatām chidyetām chidyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchetsyāmi chetsyāvaḥ chetsyāmaḥ
Secondchetsyasi chetsyathaḥ chetsyatha
Thirdchetsyati chetsyataḥ chetsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchetsye chetsyāvahe chetsyāmahe
Secondchetsyase chetsyethe chetsyadhve
Thirdchetsyate chetsyete chetsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchettāsmi chettāsvaḥ chettāsmaḥ
Secondchettāsi chettāsthaḥ chettāstha
Thirdchettā chettārau chettāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstciccheda cicchidiva cicchidima
Secondciccheditha cicchidathuḥ cicchida
Thirdciccheda cicchidatuḥ cicchiduḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcicchide cicchidivahe cicchidimahe
Secondcicchidiṣe cicchidāthe cicchididhve
Thirdcicchide cicchidāte cicchidire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchaitsam | acchetsam acchaitsva | acchetsva acchaitsma | acchetsma
Secondacchaitsīḥ | acchetsīḥ acchaittam | acchettam acchaitta | acchetta
Thirdacchaitsīt | acchetsīt acchaittām | acchettām acchaitsuḥ | acchetsuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchitsi acchitsvahi acchitsmahi
Secondacchitthāḥ acchitsāthām acchiddhvam
Thirdacchitta acchitsātām acchitsata


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchaitsam | chetsam chaitsva | chetsva chaitsma | chetsma
Secondchaitsīḥ | chetsīḥ chaittam | chettam chaitta | chetta
Thirdchaitsīt | chetsīt chaittām | chettām chaitsuḥ | chetsuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchitsi chitsvahi chitsmahi
Secondchitthāḥ chitsāthām chiddhvam
Thirdchitta chitsātām chitsata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chinna m. n. chinnā f.

Past Active Participle
chinnavat m. n. chinnavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chindat m. n. chindatī f.

Present Middle Participle
chindāna m. n. chindānā f.

Present Passive Participle
chidyamāna m. n. chidyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chetsyat m. n. chetsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
chetsyamāna m. n. chetsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
chettavya m. n. chettavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chedya m. n. chedyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chedanīya m. n. chedanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cicchidvaḥ m. n. cicchiduṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cicchidāna m. n. cicchidānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chettum

Absolutive
chittvā

Absolutive
-chidya

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