The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of chṛd

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛṇadmi chṛndvaḥ chṛndmaḥ
Secondchṛṇatsi chṛntthaḥ chṛnttha
Thirdchṛṇatti chṛnttaḥ chṛndanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdye chṛdyāvahe chṛdyāmahe
Secondchṛdyase chṛdyethe chṛdyadhve
Thirdchṛdyate chṛdyete chṛdyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchṛṇadam acchṛndva acchṛndma
Secondacchṛṇaḥ | acchṛṇat acchṛnttam acchṛntta
Thirdacchṛṇat acchṛnttām acchṛndan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchṛdye acchṛdyāvahi acchṛdyāmahi
Secondacchṛdyathāḥ acchṛdyethām acchṛdyadhvam
Thirdacchṛdyata acchṛdyetām acchṛdyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛndyām chṛndyāva chṛndyāma
Secondchṛndyāḥ chṛndyātam chṛndyāta
Thirdchṛndyāt chṛndyātām chṛndyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdyeya chṛdyevahi chṛdyemahi
Secondchṛdyethāḥ chṛdyeyāthām chṛdyedhvam
Thirdchṛdyeta chṛdyeyātām chṛdyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛṇadāni chṛṇadāva chṛṇadāma
Secondchṛnddhi chṛnttam chṛntta
Thirdchṛṇattu chṛnttām chṛndantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdyai chṛdyāvahai chṛdyāmahai
Secondchṛdyasva chṛdyethām chṛdyadhvam
Thirdchṛdyatām chṛdyetām chṛdyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardiṣyāmi chardiṣyāvaḥ chardiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchardiṣyasi chardiṣyathaḥ chardiṣyatha
Thirdchardiṣyati chardiṣyataḥ chardiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcharditāsmi charditāsvaḥ charditāsmaḥ
Secondcharditāsi charditāsthaḥ charditāstha
Thirdcharditā charditārau charditāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaccharda cacchṛdiva cacchṛdima
Secondcaccharditha cacchṛdathuḥ cacchṛda
Thirdcaccharda cacchṛdatuḥ cacchṛduḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chṛṇṇa m. n. chṛṇṇā f.

Past Active Participle
chṛṇṇavat m. n. chṛṇṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chṛndat m. n. chṛndatī f.

Present Passive Participle
chṛdyamāna m. n. chṛdyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chardiṣyat m. n. chardiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
charditavya m. n. charditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chṛdya m. n. chṛdyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chardanīya m. n. chardanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacchṛdvaḥ m. n. cacchṛduṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
charditum

Absolutive
chṛttvā

Absolutive
-chṛdya

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