The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ceṣṭ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭāmi ceṣṭāvaḥ ceṣṭāmaḥ
Secondceṣṭasi ceṣṭathaḥ ceṣṭatha
Thirdceṣṭati ceṣṭataḥ ceṣṭanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭe ceṣṭāvahe ceṣṭāmahe
Secondceṣṭase ceṣṭethe ceṣṭadhve
Thirdceṣṭate ceṣṭete ceṣṭante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭye ceṣṭyāvahe ceṣṭyāmahe
Secondceṣṭyase ceṣṭyethe ceṣṭyadhve
Thirdceṣṭyate ceṣṭyete ceṣṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaceṣṭam aceṣṭāva aceṣṭāma
Secondaceṣṭaḥ aceṣṭatam aceṣṭata
Thirdaceṣṭat aceṣṭatām aceṣṭan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaceṣṭe aceṣṭāvahi aceṣṭāmahi
Secondaceṣṭathāḥ aceṣṭethām aceṣṭadhvam
Thirdaceṣṭata aceṣṭetām aceṣṭanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaceṣṭye aceṣṭyāvahi aceṣṭyāmahi
Secondaceṣṭyathāḥ aceṣṭyethām aceṣṭyadhvam
Thirdaceṣṭyata aceṣṭyetām aceṣṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭeyam ceṣṭeva ceṣṭema
Secondceṣṭeḥ ceṣṭetam ceṣṭeta
Thirdceṣṭet ceṣṭetām ceṣṭeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭeya ceṣṭevahi ceṣṭemahi
Secondceṣṭethāḥ ceṣṭeyāthām ceṣṭedhvam
Thirdceṣṭeta ceṣṭeyātām ceṣṭeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭyeya ceṣṭyevahi ceṣṭyemahi
Secondceṣṭyethāḥ ceṣṭyeyāthām ceṣṭyedhvam
Thirdceṣṭyeta ceṣṭyeyātām ceṣṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭāni ceṣṭāva ceṣṭāma
Secondceṣṭa ceṣṭatam ceṣṭata
Thirdceṣṭatu ceṣṭatām ceṣṭantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭai ceṣṭāvahai ceṣṭāmahai
Secondceṣṭasva ceṣṭethām ceṣṭadhvam
Thirdceṣṭatām ceṣṭetām ceṣṭantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭyai ceṣṭyāvahai ceṣṭyāmahai
Secondceṣṭyasva ceṣṭyethām ceṣṭyadhvam
Thirdceṣṭyatām ceṣṭyetām ceṣṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭiṣyāmi ceṣṭiṣyāvaḥ ceṣṭiṣyāmaḥ
Secondceṣṭiṣyasi ceṣṭiṣyathaḥ ceṣṭiṣyatha
Thirdceṣṭiṣyati ceṣṭiṣyataḥ ceṣṭiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭiṣye ceṣṭiṣyāvahe ceṣṭiṣyāmahe
Secondceṣṭiṣyase ceṣṭiṣyethe ceṣṭiṣyadhve
Thirdceṣṭiṣyate ceṣṭiṣyete ceṣṭiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceṣṭitāsmi ceṣṭitāsvaḥ ceṣṭitāsmaḥ
Secondceṣṭitāsi ceṣṭitāsthaḥ ceṣṭitāstha
Thirdceṣṭitā ceṣṭitārau ceṣṭitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstciceṣṭa ciceṣṭiva ciceṣṭima
Secondciceṣṭitha ciceṣṭathuḥ ciceṣṭa
Thirdciceṣṭa ciceṣṭatuḥ ciceṣṭuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstciceṣṭe ciceṣṭivahe ciceṣṭimahe
Secondciceṣṭiṣe ciceṣṭāthe ciceṣṭidhve
Thirdciceṣṭe ciceṣṭāte ciceṣṭire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaceṣṭiṣam | aciceṣṭam aceṣṭiṣva | aciceṣṭāva aceṣṭiṣma | aciceṣṭāma
Secondaceṣṭīḥ | aciceṣṭaḥ aceṣṭiṣṭam | aciceṣṭatam aceṣṭiṣṭa | aciceṣṭata
Thirdaceṣṭīt | aciceṣṭat aceṣṭiṣṭām | aciceṣṭatām aceṣṭiṣuḥ | aciceṣṭan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaceṣṭiṣi | aciceṣṭe aceṣṭiṣvahi | aciceṣṭāvahi aceṣṭiṣmahi | aciceṣṭāmahi
Secondaceṣṭiṣṭhāḥ | aciceṣṭathāḥ aceṣṭiṣāthām | aciceṣṭethām aceṣṭidhvam | aciceṣṭadhvam
Thirdaceṣṭiṣṭa | aciceṣṭata aceṣṭiṣātām | aciceṣṭetām aceṣṭiṣata | aciceṣṭanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
ceṣṭita m. n. ceṣṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
ceṣṭitavat m. n. ceṣṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
ceṣṭat m. n. ceṣṭantī f.

Present Middle Participle
ceṣṭamāna m. n. ceṣṭamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
ceṣṭyamāna m. n. ceṣṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
ceṣṭiṣyat m. n. ceṣṭiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
ceṣṭiṣyamāṇa m. n. ceṣṭiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
ceṣṭitavya m. n. ceṣṭitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ceṣṭya m. n. ceṣṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ceṣṭanīya m. n. ceṣṭanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
ciceṣṭvaḥ m. n. ciceṣṭuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
ciceṣṭāna m. n. ciceṣṭānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
ceṣṭitum

Absolutive
ceṣṭitvā

Absolutive
-ceṣṭya

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