The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of cañc

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcañcāmi cañcāvaḥ cañcāmaḥ
Secondcañcasi cañcathaḥ cañcatha
Thirdcañcati cañcataḥ cañcanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcañce cañcāvahe cañcāmahe
Secondcañcase cañcethe cañcadhve
Thirdcañcate cañcete cañcante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacye cacyāvahe cacyāmahe
Secondcacyase cacyethe cacyadhve
Thirdcacyate cacyete cacyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacañcam acañcāva acañcāma
Secondacañcaḥ acañcatam acañcata
Thirdacañcat acañcatām acañcan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacañce acañcāvahi acañcāmahi
Secondacañcathāḥ acañcethām acañcadhvam
Thirdacañcata acañcetām acañcanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacacye acacyāvahi acacyāmahi
Secondacacyathāḥ acacyethām acacyadhvam
Thirdacacyata acacyetām acacyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcañceyam cañceva cañcema
Secondcañceḥ cañcetam cañceta
Thirdcañcet cañcetām cañceyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcañceya cañcevahi cañcemahi
Secondcañcethāḥ cañceyāthām cañcedhvam
Thirdcañceta cañceyātām cañceran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacyeya cacyevahi cacyemahi
Secondcacyethāḥ cacyeyāthām cacyedhvam
Thirdcacyeta cacyeyātām cacyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcañcāni cañcāva cañcāma
Secondcañca cañcatam cañcata
Thirdcañcatu cañcatām cañcantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcañcai cañcāvahai cañcāmahai
Secondcañcasva cañcethām cañcadhvam
Thirdcañcatām cañcetām cañcantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacyai cacyāvahai cacyāmahai
Secondcacyasva cacyethām cacyadhvam
Thirdcacyatām cacyetām cacyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcañciṣyāmi cañciṣyāvaḥ cañciṣyāmaḥ
Secondcañciṣyasi cañciṣyathaḥ cañciṣyatha
Thirdcañciṣyati cañciṣyataḥ cañciṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcañciṣye cañciṣyāvahe cañciṣyāmahe
Secondcañciṣyase cañciṣyethe cañciṣyadhve
Thirdcañciṣyate cañciṣyete cañciṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcañcitāsmi cañcitāsvaḥ cañcitāsmaḥ
Secondcañcitāsi cañcitāsthaḥ cañcitāstha
Thirdcañcitā cañcitārau cañcitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacañca cacañciva cacañcima
Secondcacañcitha cacañcathuḥ cacañca
Thirdcacañca cacañcatuḥ cacañcuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcacañce cacañcivahe cacañcimahe
Secondcacañciṣe cacañcāthe cacañcidhve
Thirdcacañce cacañcāte cacañcire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
cañcita m. n. cañcitā f.

Past Active Participle
cañcitavat m. n. cañcitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cañcat m. n. cañcantī f.

Present Middle Participle
cañcamāna m. n. cañcamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
cacyamāna m. n. cacyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
cañciṣyat m. n. cañciṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
cañciṣyamāṇa m. n. cañciṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
cañcitavya m. n. cañcitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
caṅkya m. n. caṅkyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cañcanīya m. n. cañcanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacañcvaḥ m. n. cacañcuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cacañcāna m. n. cacañcānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cañcitum

Absolutive
cañcitvā

Absolutive
-cacya

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