The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of car

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcarāmi carāvaḥ carāmaḥ
Secondcarasi carathaḥ caratha
Thirdcarati carataḥ caranti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcarye caryāvahe caryāmahe
Secondcaryase caryethe caryadhve
Thirdcaryate caryete caryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacaram acarāva acarāma
Secondacaraḥ acaratam acarata
Thirdacarat acaratām acaran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacarye acaryāvahi acaryāmahi
Secondacaryathāḥ acaryethām acaryadhvam
Thirdacaryata acaryetām acaryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcareyam careva carema
Secondcareḥ caretam careta
Thirdcaret caretām careyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaryeya caryevahi caryemahi
Secondcaryethāḥ caryeyāthām caryedhvam
Thirdcaryeta caryeyātām caryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcarāṇi carāva carāma
Secondcara caratam carata
Thirdcaratu caratām carantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaryai caryāvahai caryāmahai
Secondcaryasva caryethām caryadhvam
Thirdcaryatām caryetām caryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcariṣyāmi cariṣyāvaḥ cariṣyāmaḥ
Secondcariṣyasi cariṣyathaḥ cariṣyatha
Thirdcariṣyati cariṣyataḥ cariṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaritāsmi caritāsvaḥ caritāsmaḥ
Secondcaritāsi caritāsthaḥ caritāstha
Thirdcaritā caritārau caritāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacāra | cacara ceriva cerima
Secondceritha | cacartha cerathuḥ cera
Thirdcacāra ceratuḥ ceruḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacīcaram | acāriṣam acīcarāva | acāriṣva acīcarāma | acāriṣma
Secondacīcaraḥ | acārīḥ acīcaratam | acāriṣṭam acīcarata | acāriṣṭa
Thirdacīcarat | acārīt acīcaratām | acāriṣṭām acīcaran | acāriṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacīcare | acariṣi acīcarāvahi | acariṣvahi acīcarāmahi | acariṣmahi
Secondacīcarathāḥ | acariṣṭhāḥ acīcarethām | acariṣāthām acīcaradhvam | acaridhvam
Thirdacīcarata | acariṣṭa acīcaretām | acariṣātām acīcaranta | acariṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
carita m. n. caritā f.

Past Passive Participle
cīrṇa m. n. cīrṇā f.

Past Active Participle
cīrṇavat m. n. cīrṇavatī f.

Past Active Participle
caritavat m. n. caritavatī f.

Present Active Participle
carat m. n. carantī f.

Present Passive Participle
caryamāṇa m. n. caryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
cariṣyat m. n. cariṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
caritavya m. n. caritavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cārya m. n. cāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
caraṇīya m. n. caraṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
carya m. n. caryā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cerivaḥ m. n. ceruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cartum

Infinitive
caritum

Absolutive
cīrtvā

Absolutive
cartvā

Absolutive
caritvā

Absolutive
-cīrya

Absolutive
-carya

Le chameau Ocaml
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