The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of cal

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalāmi calāvaḥ calāmaḥ
Secondcalasi calathaḥ calatha
Thirdcalati calataḥ calanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalye calyāvahe calyāmahe
Secondcalyase calyethe calyadhve
Thirdcalyate calyete calyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacalam acalāva acalāma
Secondacalaḥ acalatam acalata
Thirdacalat acalatām acalan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacalye acalyāvahi acalyāmahi
Secondacalyathāḥ acalyethām acalyadhvam
Thirdacalyata acalyetām acalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaleyam caleva calema
Secondcaleḥ caletam caleta
Thirdcalet caletām caleyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalyeya calyevahi calyemahi
Secondcalyethāḥ calyeyāthām calyedhvam
Thirdcalyeta calyeyātām calyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalāni calāva calāma
Secondcala calatam calata
Thirdcalatu calatām calantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalyai calyāvahai calyāmahai
Secondcalyasva calyethām calyadhvam
Thirdcalyatām calyetām calyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaliṣyāmi caliṣyāvaḥ caliṣyāmaḥ
Secondcaliṣyasi caliṣyathaḥ caliṣyatha
Thirdcaliṣyati caliṣyataḥ caliṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcalitāsmi calitāsvaḥ calitāsmaḥ
Secondcalitāsi calitāsthaḥ calitāstha
Thirdcalitā calitārau calitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacāla | cacala celiva celima
Secondcelitha | cacaltha celathuḥ cela
Thirdcacāla celatuḥ celuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
calita m. n. calitā f.

Past Active Participle
calitavat m. n. calitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
calat m. n. calantī f.

Present Passive Participle
calyamāna m. n. calyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
caliṣyat m. n. caliṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
calitavya m. n. calitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cālya m. n. cālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
calanīya m. n. calanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
celivaḥ m. n. celuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
calitum

Absolutive
calitvā

Absolutive
-calya

Le chameau Ocaml
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