The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of cakṣ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣmi cakṣvaḥ cakṣmaḥ
Secondcakṣi caṣṭhaḥ caṣṭha
Thirdcaṣṭi caṣṭaḥ cakṣanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣe cakṣvahe cakṣmahe
Secondcakṣe cakṣāthe caḍḍhve
Thirdcaṣṭe cakṣāte cakṣate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣye cakṣyāvahe cakṣyāmahe
Secondcakṣyase cakṣyethe cakṣyadhve
Thirdcakṣyate cakṣyete cakṣyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacakṣam acakṣva acakṣma
Secondacakṭ acaṣṭam acaṣṭa
Thirdacakṭ acaṣṭām acakṣan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacakṣi acakṣvahi acakṣmahi
Secondacaṣṭhāḥ acakṣāthām acaḍḍhvam
Thirdacaṣṭa acakṣātām acakṣata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacakṣye acakṣyāvahi acakṣyāmahi
Secondacakṣyathāḥ acakṣyethām acakṣyadhvam
Thirdacakṣyata acakṣyetām acakṣyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣyām cakṣyāva cakṣyāma
Secondcakṣyāḥ cakṣyātam cakṣyāta
Thirdcakṣyāt cakṣyātām cakṣyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣīya cakṣīvahi cakṣīmahi
Secondcakṣīthāḥ cakṣīyāthām cakṣīdhvam
Thirdcakṣīta cakṣīyātām cakṣīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣyeya cakṣyevahi cakṣyemahi
Secondcakṣyethāḥ cakṣyeyāthām cakṣyedhvam
Thirdcakṣyeta cakṣyeyātām cakṣyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣāṇi cakṣāva cakṣāma
Secondcaḍḍhi caṣṭam caṣṭa
Thirdcaṣṭu caṣṭām cakṣantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣai cakṣāvahai cakṣāmahai
Secondcakṣva cakṣāthām caḍḍhvam
Thirdcaṣṭām cakṣātām cakṣatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣyai cakṣyāvahai cakṣyāmahai
Secondcakṣyasva cakṣyethām cakṣyadhvam
Thirdcakṣyatām cakṣyetām cakṣyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣiṣyāmi cakṣiṣyāvaḥ cakṣiṣyāmaḥ
Secondcakṣiṣyasi cakṣiṣyathaḥ cakṣiṣyatha
Thirdcakṣiṣyati cakṣiṣyataḥ cakṣiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣiṣye cakṣiṣyāvahe cakṣiṣyāmahe
Secondcakṣiṣyase cakṣiṣyethe cakṣiṣyadhve
Thirdcakṣiṣyate cakṣiṣyete cakṣiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṣitāsmi cakṣitāsvaḥ cakṣitāsmaḥ
Secondcakṣitāsi cakṣitāsthaḥ cakṣitāstha
Thirdcakṣitā cakṣitārau cakṣitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacakṣa cacakṣiva cacakṣima
Secondcacakṣitha cacakṣathuḥ cacakṣa
Thirdcacakṣa cacakṣatuḥ cacakṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcacakṣe cacakṣivahe cacakṣimahe
Secondcacakṣiṣe cacakṣāthe cacakṣidhve
Thirdcacakṣe cacakṣāte cacakṣire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
caṣṭa m. n. caṣṭā f.

Past Active Participle
caṣṭavat m. n. caṣṭavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cakṣat m. n. cakṣatī f.

Present Middle Participle
cakṣāṇa m. n. cakṣāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
cakṣyamāṇa m. n. cakṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
cakṣiṣyat m. n. cakṣiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
cakṣiṣyamāṇa m. n. cakṣiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
cakṣitavya m. n. cakṣitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cakṣya m. n. cakṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cakṣaṇīya m. n. cakṣaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacakṣvaḥ m. n. cacakṣuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cacakṣāṇa m. n. cacakṣāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cakṣitum

Absolutive
caṣṭvā

Absolutive
-cakṣya

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