The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of vac

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvacmi vacvaḥ vacmaḥ
Secondvakṣi vakthaḥ vaktha
Thirdvakti vaktaḥ vacanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstucye ucyāvahe ucyāmahe
Seconducyase ucyethe ucyadhve
Thirducyate ucyete ucyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavacam avacva avacma
Secondavak avaktam avakta
Thirdavak avaktām avacan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaucye aucyāvahi aucyāmahi
Secondaucyathāḥ aucyethām aucyadhvam
Thirdaucyata aucyetām aucyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvacyām vacyāva vacyāma
Secondvacyāḥ vacyātam vacyāta
Thirdvacyāt vacyātām vacyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstucyeya ucyevahi ucyemahi
Seconducyethāḥ ucyeyāthām ucyedhvam
Thirducyeta ucyeyātām ucyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvacāni vacāva vacāma
Secondvoci | vagdhi vaktam vakta
Thirdvocatu | vaktu vaktām vacantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstucyai ucyāvahai ucyāmahai
Seconducyasva ucyethām ucyadhvam
Thirducyatām ucyetām ucyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvakṣyāmi vakṣyāvaḥ vakṣyāmaḥ
Secondvakṣyasi vakṣyathaḥ vakṣyatha
Thirdvakṣyati vakṣyataḥ vakṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvaktāsmi vaktāsvaḥ vaktāsmaḥ
Secondvaktāsi vaktāsthaḥ vaktāstha
Thirdvaktā vaktārau vaktāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstuvāca | uvaca ūciva ūcima
Seconduvacitha | uvaktha ūcathuḥ ūca
Thirduvāca ūcatuḥ ūcuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavocam avocāva avocāma
Secondavocaḥ avocatam avocata
Thirdavocat avocatām avocan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
First
Second
Thirdavoci | avāci


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvocam vocāva vocāma
Secondvocaḥ vocatam vocata
Thirdvocat vocatām vocan

Participles

Past Passive Participle
ukta m. n. uktā f.

Past Active Participle
uktavat m. n. uktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
vacat m. n. vacatī f.

Present Passive Participle
ucyamāna m. n. ucyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
vakṣyat m. n. vakṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
vaktavya m. n. vaktavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vākya m. n. vākyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vacanīya m. n. vacanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
ūcivaḥ m. n. ūcuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
ūcāna m. n. ūcānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
vaktum

Absolutive
uktvā

Absolutive
-ucya

Le chameau Ocaml
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